WS17 Oko 40

WS17 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 23 to Sunday, Nov 29, 2020: high 63, low 12, gust 43 mph, moisture 0.0"
The day after Thanksgiving i worked on unloading the new autogate from the trailer and putting it into the road. It took me most of the day. In the picture above, i’m placing railroad ties...

WS17 Oko 39

WS17 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 16 to Sunday, Nov 22, 2020: high 72, low 20, gust 56 mph, moisture 0.0"
Thursday morning the Rosane Concrete crew—Travis, Harlan, Ryan, and Kenny (R-L)—poured and finished the entry area of the new gallery, and an apron in front of the east garage...

WS17 Oko 38

WS17 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 9 to Sunday, Nov 15, 2020: high 57, low 19, gust 40 mph, moisture 0.01"
The photo above was taken at 4 o’clock Saturday afternoon. A few hours earlier, it was heavily snowing. The snow storm clouds are those in the background. The early morning...

WS17 Oko 37

WS17 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 2 to Sunday, Nov 8, 2020: high 81, low 25, gust 47 mph, moisture 0.0"
What a wonderful week weather-wise here at Wingsprings! On Tuesday i painted the trim boards around the cockpit windows and the bay bed windows, which are in the center of the...

WS17 Oko 36

WS17 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 26 to Sunday, Nov 1, 2020: high 69, low 2, gust 48 mph, moisture 0.0"
It was a strange sight first thing Monday morning: a pin-tail grouse roosting in one of the small trees in the hocoka. Then a second one joined her. But before i could get the camera,...

WS17 Oko 35

WS17 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 19 to Sunday, Oct 25, 2020: high 51, low 9, gust 32 mph, moisture 0.10"
Merle called Monday morning to say they were turning heifers into the pasture, so i went down along the south fence of the Natural Library/Sanctuary to see about a tree that looked...

WS17 Oko 34

WS17 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 12 to Sunday, Oct 18, 2020: high 71, low 24, gust 53 mph, moisture 0.04"
Sunset sauna on Monday; the photo was taken at 5:54 PM.  Monday was also one of the two annual Wingsprings Sunrise Days. These are the days when the sun rises on the Wingsprings...

WS17 Oko 33

WS17 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 5 to Sunday, Oct 11, 2020: high 86, low 39, gust 71 mph, moisture 0.0"
Sunny and warm days this week feel like they might be the final ones of this year, so Dan and i removed all the cockpit windows and scraped and sanded their frames and then taped...

WS17 Oko 32

WS17 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 28 to Sunday, Oct 4, 2020: high 80, low 30, gust 46 mph, moisture 0.0"
While on a conference call Monday afternoon in the house, i spotted a few elks down by the Turtle Pond. As soon as the call was over i told Dan about the elks, so he and i did the...

WS17 Oko 31

WS17 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 21 to Sunday, Sep 27, 2020: high 94, low 43, gust 49 mph, moisture 0.0"
Dan and i started backfilling around the gallery walls last week after we installed a rubberized sticky membrane onto a waterprooting we painted on the concrete walls. Then we...

WS17 Oko 30

WS17 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 14 to Sunday, Sep 20, 2020: high 92, low 37, gust 39 mph, moisture 0.0"
A drone picture from 5:43 this evening, looking north over the natural library, the trees and vegetation changing to their fall colors. You can see mowed trails along both sides of the springs....

WS17 Oko 29

WS17 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 7 to Sunday, Sep 13, 2020: high 91, low 32, gust 33 mph, moisture 0.70"
The first snowfall of this season fell Tuesday afternoon. The snow was heavy for a while, but the ground is still so warm that it melted and disappeared quickly. The photo...

WS17 Oko 28

WS17 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Aug 31 to Sunday, Sep 6, 2020: high 103, low 41, gust 44.5 mph, moisture 0.07"
Three indepedent filmmakers (Micah, Marie-Helene and Flora (R-L) with Four Corners Media visited Wingsprings Monday late afternoon. After an interview, we walked in the natural...

WS17 Oko 27

WS17 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 24 to Sunday, Aug 30, 2020: high 104, low 45, gust 47 mph, moisture 0.22"
Tuesday morning, Kenny, Ryan, Travis and Dan poured the walkway along the hocoka side of the bathhouse. This is a project that has been planned for about a decade, so it is...

WS17 Oko 26

WS17 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 17 to Sunday, Aug 23, 2020: high 100, low 58, gust 27 mph, moisture 0.30"
Fee, the founder of the Tipi Sisters, returned to Wingsprings Thursday afternoon with two granddaughters, Ashley and Megan (R-L). They spent the night and posed for this photo...

WS17 Oko 25

WS17 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 10 to Sunday, Aug 16, 2020: high 96, low 57, gust 55 mph, moisture 0.06"
It was hot and windy Saturday morning, but i hooked the tractor up to the pull-mower and mowed alongside the road up to the gate and back. The first pass was done with one side...

WS17 Oko 24

WS17 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 3 to Sunday, Aug 9, 2020: high 101, low 52, gust 43 mph, moisture 0.22"
Early Thursday morning the trail camera caught these two mule deer bucks with their antlers in velvet.

WS17 Oko 23

WS17 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 27 to Sunday, Aug 2, 2020: high 94, low 49, gust 32 mph, moisture 0.43"
This picture was taken Monday evening, about a quarter after 7, looking west. At the bottom-right-center, protruding above the distant horizon line, is the Wingsprings cockpit...

WS17 Oko 22

WS17 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 20 to Sunday, Jul 26, 2020: high 97, low 55, gust 35 mph,moisture  0.41"
Mom has been here since Saturday. On Tuesday, when this picture was taken, we finished pulling the forms from the new concrete walls, and then drove the side-by-side over to the...

WS17 Oko 21

WS17 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 13 to Sunday, Jul 19, 2020: high 102, low 55, gust 22 mph, moisture 0.43"
Wednesday morning was the big pour! Kenny and his crew were here to pour the concrete mud into the forms we built. Kenny, with his back to us, is vibrating the curved wall that...

WS17 Oko 20

WS17 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 6 to Sunday, Jul 12, 2020: high 100, low 55, gust 57 mph, moisture 0.67"
Thursday evening cloud scape looking east northeast. Earlier this evening a storm blew through. The setting sun cast a warm glow onto the bottom of the striking clouds. In the bottom of...

WS17 Oko 19

WS17 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jun 29 to Sunday, Jul 5, 2020: high 98, low 53, gust 37 mph, moisture 0.05"
The focus this week was cutting the 3/4” plywood interior forms to height, and then drilling 3/4” holes in them for the concrete ties to go through. Friday afternoon, when the photo above...

WS17 Oko 18

WS17 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 22 to Sunday, Jun 28, 2020: high 93, low 50, gust 26 mph, moisture 0.46"
This week we got most of the exterior wall forms installed. The tall straight forms, which we are borrowing from Kenny, the concrete guy, are relatively easy to install. They are part of...

WS17 Oko 17

WS17 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 15 to Sunday, Jun 21, 2020: high 96, low 46, gust 40 mph, moisture 0.29"
Kent and Dan (R-L) proudly standing beside the first wall forms we stood up and braced off. Brother Kent was here this whole week to help with Wingsprings maintenance, mowing and weed whipping...

WS17 Oko 16

WS17 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 8 to Sunday, Jun 14, 2020: high 95, low 42, gust 43 mph, moisture 0.54"
Friday evening after sunset this buck came up close to investigate the house. At this point he was probably seeing a reflection of himself in the half-bath window, which faces west. Notice that...

WS17 Oko 15

WS17 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 1 to Sunday, Jun 7, 2020: high 92, low 53, gust 80 mph, moisture 0.70"
This week Dan and i started building the forms for the gallery’s curved concrete walls. These will be retaining walls. The one above is on the hocoka side of the entry. The gallery’s entry door...

WS17 Oko 14

WS17 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 25 to Sunday, May 31, 2020: high 86, low 39, gust 27 mph, moisture 0.26" 
View backward from the tractor seat, looking a little north of east toward the Wingsprings facilities. Monday afternoon i mowed the walking trails in the Sanctuary for the first time this year....

WS17 Oko 13

WS17 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 18 to Sunday, May 24, 2020: high 82, low 45, gust 40 mph, moisture 1.14" 
Monday morning i was sitting in the pickup by the hydrant when this momma rabbit went running by with a clump of grass in her mouth. She was heading toward the gallery. Then within a minute...

WS17 Oko 12

WS17 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 11 to Sunday, May 17, 2020: high 66, low 34, gust 40 mph, moisture 0.71" 
Wednesday morning we poured the gallery slab and patio. The southern end of the gallery adjoins the eastern entry bay. Then on the south side of the entry bay are two more bays before the bathhouse....

WS17 Oko 11

WS17 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 4 to Sunday, May 10, 2020: high 62, low 28, gust 46 mph, moisture 0.94" 
By late Friday morning, Kenny and his crew had the footings for the new “gallery” addition poured and finished. In the far lower right of the photo are the existing concrete steps immediately...

WS17 Oko 10

WS17 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 27 to Sunday, May 3, 2020: high 88, low 37, gust 53 mph, moisture 0.22” 
An exciting new construction phase began this Thursday afternoon. It was unexpected; but entirely welcomed. On Wednesday, Kenny, the concrete guy, said he his crew had a week or so between jobs...

WS17 Oko 9

WS17 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 20 to Sunday, Apr 26, 2020: high 75, low 33, gust 38 mph, moisture 0.00"
It was a beautiful early spring Sunday afternoon. Mounted the two trail cameras as they have been in storage for more than three years. This one is mounted low on the tree trunk, aimed at...

WS17 Oko 8

WS17 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 13 to Sunday, Apr 19, 2020: high 63, low 8, gust 27 mph, moisture 0.00"
This afternoon, at the bottom of the west-facing face of the east ridge, this irridescent insect caught my eye. It is so brilliantly colored; and could fly, but didn’t go far. Also in the photo...

WS17 Oko 7

WS17 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 6 to Sunday, Apr 12, 2020: high 79, low 13, gust 38 mph, moisture 0.12" 
A snow storm blew in Saturday afternoon and continued through the night. This morning, when the photo above was taken, the snow was pretty much done and by mid afternoon the sun came out.

WS17 Oko 6

WS17 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Mar 30 to Sunday, Apr 5, 2020: high 70, low 4, gust 38 mph, moisture 0.00"
Cousin Glenn built these three tables and on Tuesday i got them unloaded here. The far one is for the compound miter saw that Kent gave me. The tops of the middle and nearest ones are gifts from Sandie...

WS17 Oko 5

WS17 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 23 to Sunday, Mar 29, 2020: high 52, low 36, gust 35 mph, moisture 0.36” 
This afternoon, the 29th, took the drone for a quick flight, piloting it from the upper deck, as you can see in the photo. On the left side of the pic you can see the sauna, and beyond it, the...

WS17 Oko 4

WS17 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 16 to Sunday, Mar 22, 2020: high 64, low 7, gust 39 mph, moisture 0.08” 
Was a day late this year. Instead of Thursday the 19th, Dad’s birthday, it was Friday afternoon when i finally got the new windsock installed. It is the fifth windsock. The first one was hung when...

WS17 Oko 3

WS17 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 9 to Sunday, Mar 15, 2020: high 67, low 19, gust 40 mph, moisture 0.01” 
Tuesday afternoon Scott, Drew, Dean and Kaitlyn (R-L) stopped by to visit. Kaitlyn, Dean and Drew were on Spring Break from SDSU in Brookings.

WS17 Oko 2

WS17 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 2 to Sunday, Mar 8, 2020: high 74, low 23, gust 47 mph, moisture 0.08” 
Friday afternoon captured the first image of a turtle this year. Can you see it in the lower-middle of the photo? It could barely move, probably due to the temperature of the water.

WS17 Oko 1

WS17 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 24 to Sunday, Mar 1, 2020: high 57, low 5, gust 33 mph, moisture 0.01” 
Cousin Glenn and i began installing the two sauna vents today. This one on the east wall is above the upper bench and located to function mostly as an exhaust. The one on the west wall is just above...

WS16 Oko 52

WS16 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 17 to Sunday, Feb 23, 2020: high 57, low 7, gust 29 mph, moisture 0.00"
This afternoon, along the northeast bank of the Turtle Pond, this turtle shell showed up. And right beside it was coyote scat. Haven’t been walking along the springs for a while,...

WS16 Oko 51

WS16 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 10 to Sunday, Feb 16, 2020: high 58, low -9, gust 42 mph, moisture 0.00"
Earlier this afternoon, Glenn and i enjoyed a coffee in the porch. The temperature was in the upper 40s, but the sunshine streaming through the windows warmed the porch to a...

WS16 Oko 50

WS16 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Feb 3 to Sunday, Feb 9, 2020: high 44, low 13, gust 37 mph, moisture 0.01"
This photo was taken a little after 5pm from inside the sauna, looking southwest. The window, which is in the middle of the west wall of the sauna and is on axis with the Butte, sure makes...

WS16 Oko 49

WS16 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 27 to Sunday, Feb 2, 2020: high 55, low 19, gust 42 mph, moisture 0.19"
Tuesday early afternoon view. In the background is the Wingsprings facilities; in the foreground is the road and beside it, the cut up barrow pit. The cuts are not that obvious,...

WS16 Oko 48

WS16 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 20 to Sunday, Jan 26, 2020: high 48, low 2, gust 40 mph, moisture 0.09"
Jerry and Theresa visited on Monday. We ate lunch and i gave them a tour of the Wingsprings facilities. It has been years since they were here. It is good to hear their responses...

WS16 Oko 47

WS16 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 13 to Sunday, Jan 19, 2020: high 44, low 0, gust 49 mph, moisture 0.00"
Looking through the kitchen window at the sauna with its fascia lights. When the lights are on, it means the sauna heater is lit.

WS16 Oko 46

WS16 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 6 to Sunday, Jan 12, 2020: high 41, low 3, gust 31 mph, moisture 0.00"
Glenn and Cheryl visited Wingsprings yesterday afternoon.

WS16 Oko 45 2020

WS16 Oko 45 2020

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 30, 2019 to Sunday, Jan 5, 2020: high 50, low 16, gust 43 mph, moisture 0.01"
Tuesday afternoon we burned the memory sticks that had been stuck in the snow outside the South Dakota Art Museum a year ago on December 29th to commemmorate the victims...

WS16 Oko 44

WS16 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 23 to Sunday, Dec 29, 2019: high 50, low 21, gust 39 mph, moisture 0.00"
Dicksy created this wreath and sent it, then sent the red pickup. It reminds us of “Old Red,” the 1950s one-ton truck that we all associate with Dad. So today i wired the pickup...

WS16 Oko 43

WS16 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 16 to Sunday, Dec 22, 2019: high 54, low 11, gust 26 mph, moisture 0.01"
Dan and i worked on excavating the quilt on Tuesday that Andrea and Francine created for the Takuwe exhibit. It had been buried since August. Now it was frozen in place. So we...

WS16 Oko 42

WS16 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 9 to Sunday, Dec 15, 2019: high 43, low 1, gust 33 mph, moisture 0.00"
This afternoon, Glenn helped install the stovepipe from the sauna heater to the ceiling. Then we lit a fire in the heater and kept it burning for a few hours to burn off all the...

WS16 Oko 41

WS16 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Dec 2 to Sunday, Dec 8, 2019: high 52, low 11, gust 40 mph, moisture 0.04"
Yesterday Glenn and i worked on the sauna. We nailed the drip edge on the roof, then shingled the roof. Cut a hole through the roof, ran the chimney through it, and installed a chimney...

WS16 Oko 40

WS16 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 25 to Sunday, Dec 1, 2091: high 42, low 14, gust 32 mph, moisture 0.02
Yesterday a snow storm blew all day. Late afternoon i took this photo. The sauna is enclosed (the door is hung and the window is installed), but there is still lots of work to do before it...

WS16 Oko 39

WS16 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 18 to Sunday, Nov 24, 2019: high 61, low 15, gust 42 mph, moisture 0.03"
Friday afternoon Glenn and i used the bobcat with extensions on the forks to carry the sauna out of the garage and place it on the railroad tie foundation. That process...

WS16 Oko 38

WS16 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 11 to Sunday, Nov 17, 2019: high 60, low -1, gust 33 mph, moisture 0.14"
On Friday, Glenn and i hung the two doors he built for under the deck. They really dress up that area, as you can see by comparing the photo above with the photo below.

WS16 Oko 37

WS16 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 4 to Sunday, Nov 10, 2019: high 70, low 9, gust 25 mph, moisture 0.03"
This caterpiller caught my eye Tuesday late afternoon on my walk to the gate. She was making her way across the road. Felt sorry for her because even though the high temperature...

WS16 Oko 36

WS16 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 28 to Sunday, Nov 3, 2019: high 51, low 3, gust 39 mph, moisture 0.00"
An early afternoon view across the picnic area toward the Wingsprings facilities.

WS16 Oko 35

WS16 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 21 to Sunday, Oct 27, 2019: high 65, low 19, gust 47 mph, moisture 0.53"
This photo was taken Thursday afternoon, by Yonatan, from a helicopter he was piloting from Rapid City to Chicago.

WS16 Oko 34

WS16 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 14 to Sunday, Oct 20, 2019: high 81, low 27, gust 39, moisture 0.15"
This bright Saturday afternoon for Randal, Daisy, Jenny, Dwayne and Rayan (R-L). Randal and Dwayne came to Wingsprings to shoot  footage for a film about Dwayne that Randal is creating....

WS16 Oko 33

WS16 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 7 to Sunday, Oct 13, 2019: high 82, low 20, gust 37 mph, moisture 0.00"
Tuesday morning Dan planted some new perrenial flowers that will add color to the hocoka.

WS16 Oko 32

WS16 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 30 to Sunday, Oct 6, 2019: high 71, low 32, gust 48 mph, moisture 0.52"
Thursday afternoon i started this project on a whim. It involves enhancing or defining the shoulder of the road from the house to the gate. One hoped for benefit of this is that...

WS16 Oko 31

WS16 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 23 to Sunday, Sep 29, 2019: high 85, low 43, gust 39, moisture 0.11"
From the archives: 25 September 2009. Just beginning to screw on the horizontal cedar board between the columns on the hocoka side of the bathhouse. The board is a fixed distance...

WS16 Oko 30

WS16 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 16 to Sunday, Sep 22, 2019: high 88, low 44, gust 43, moisture 1.62"
From the archives: 16 September 2005. Kent “crowning” a floor joist for the cockpit. Along the right side of the photo you can see the Butte on hte horizon. Fourteen years ago!

WS16 Oko 29

WS16 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 9 to Sunday, Sep 15, 2019: high 93, low 44, gust 41 mph, moisture 1.25"
From the archives: 12 September 2010, nine years ago this week. The footings for the library and garage had been poured earlier. Along the right-center of the photo you can...

WS16 Oko 28

WS16 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Sep 2 to Sunday, Sep 8, 2019: high 94, low 50, gust 27 mph, moisture 0.00"
Another beautiful sunset, this time reflected in the porch windows on Tuesday.

WS16 Oko 27

WS16 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 26 to Sunday, Sep 1, 2019: high 87, low 46, gust 32 mph, moisture 0.11"
A beautiful sunset, walking back to the facilities from the gate at around 7:30. Many of the Wingsprings sunsets are spectacular. So many that sometims i almost forget to acknowledge...

WS16 Oko 26

WS16 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 19 to Sunday, Aug 25, 2019: high 91, low 59, gust 49 mph, moisture 0.65"
This is about as good as it gets for mowing at the gate: the side-by-side pulling the trailer with the mower on it. Very handy method of transporting the mower instead of riding...

WS16 Oko 25

WS16 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 12 to Sunday, Aug 18, 2019: high 86, low 50, gust 34 mph, moisture 0.73"
Some regional Health staff who were participants on a Lakota Lands & Identities traveling seminar early this summer that got rained out from visiting Wingsprings, brought their...

WS16 Oko 24

WS16 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 5 to Sunday, Aug 11, 2019: high 92 , low 60, gust 32 mph, moisture 1.39"
Lacy and Janet (R-L) spent most of Tuesday in the porch working on enhacing how the CAIRNS Lakota Lands & Identities traveling seminars are organized and conducted. They and Peri...

WS16 Oko 23

WS16 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 29 to Sunday, Aug 4, 2019: high 90, low 55, gust 39, moisture 1.28"
Dalton and Joe, from Bomber Productions, arrived mid-afternoon to work on a film of the work that CAIRNS is doing. Soon after they arrived, however, a fast-moving storm appeared in...

WS16 Oko 22

WS16 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 22 to Sunday, Jul 28, 2019: high 93, low 51, gust 27, moisture 1.11"
Kathleen and Ken arrived yesterday (Saturday) afternoon and continued on toward their St. Louis home this morning.

WS16 Oko 21

WS16 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 15 to Sunday, Jul 21, 2019: high 91, low 53, gust 42 mph, moisture 1.07"
Friday was the second of two days that students and faculty from Oglala Lakota College and Little Wound High School spent at Wingsprings under the leadership of botanists Mark...

WS16 Oko 20

WS16 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 8 to Sunday, Jul 14, 2019: high 94 , low 53, gust 62 mph, moisture 0.64"
Thursday was a hot day. After lunch, Andrea (center with shovel) and staff from the South Dakota Art Museum (R-L: Carolyne, Jodi, Taylor, Pam and Lynn) took the quilt that Andrea and her...

WS16 Oko 19

WS16 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jul 1 to Sunday, Jul 7, 2019: high 90, low 52
Linda, Virginia, Mom and Dicksy (R-L) visited on Tuesday. They brought lunch, which we all ate. Then they returned to Rapid City.

WS16 Oko 18

WS16 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 24 to Sunday, Jun 30, 2019: high 99, low 43
Yesterday (Saturday) mid afternoon this tornado developed in minutes. Amazingly, Jordan and i watched the funnel cloud descend from the cloud and meet a funnel ascending from the ground! The photo above is just before...

WS16 Oko 17

WS16 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 17 to Sunday, Jun 23, 2019: high 82, low 49
Can you see the rabbit hiding in the yellow clover? She is there! This was taken this morning just outside the gate up at 226th Avenue. The gate post is in the upper-left corner of the photo.

WS16 Oko 16

WS16 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 10 to Sunday, Jun 16, 2019: high 86, low 33
Dan and i installed the screen door above on Saturday, the latest upgrade to the porch. It has a built-in screen that “disappears” when the glass is slide all the way up. The porch is now enclosed with screen windows on...

WS16 Oko 15

WS16 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 3 to Sunday, Jun 9, 2019: high 90, low 34
This Wednesday morning, Joni, Ellen, Wayne and Jordan (R-L) posed for a photo before Wayne and Joni and their daughter, Ellen, departed. They had arrived here on Saturday. Jordan arrived on Sunday and will be here for five...

WS16 Oko 14

WS16 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 27 to Sunday, Jun 2, 2019: high 83, low 41
Saturday while mowing the “picnic area” near the northwest corner of the Wingsprings sanctuary, the commotion spooked a doe from her rest, but she didn’t leave. Instead, she stood not far away and kept watching. If you look...

WS16 Oko 13

WS16 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 20 to Sunday, May 26, 2019: high 75, low 33
From the archives: Two Washington University students exploring the hilltop area west of the Wingsprings facilities. The point of view is looking north-northwest. In the foreground are the bones of a heifer that had been...

WS16 Oko 12

WS16 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 13 to Sunday, May 19, 2019: high 86, low 34
The trees are budding and doing good, and the hocoka grass is greening.

WS16 Oko 11

WS16 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 6 to Sunday, May 12, 2019: high 66, low 27
Thursday afternoon found this body along the walking trail. Appears to be a mole, but it was nearly impossible to determine if it was dead or just faking.

WS16 Oko 10

WS16 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 29 to Sunday, May 5, 2019: high 73, low 25
Anna and Don on Friday morning. Don arrived Thursday evening and departed shortly after this photo.

WS16 Oko 9

WS16 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 22 to Sunday, Apr 28, 2019: high 77, low 31
A photo from the archives: ten years ago this week a rabbit allowed me to take this photo. It was 23 April 2009. Note the big gash in her/his left ear.

WS16 Oko 8

WS16 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 15 to Sunday, Apr 21, 2019: high 85, low 27
We are starting to nail up the tongue & groove cedar siding on the north wall of the sauna. First though, we wrapped the entire inner walls and ceiling of the sauna with a reflective vapor barrier material. The photo above...

WS16 Oko 7

WS16 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 8 to Sunday, Apr 14, 2019: high 74, low 9
Another spring snow storm blew in Tuesday night and finally stopped Thursday afternoon. The quickness with which it blew in, along with the sudden drop in  temperature, resulted in some fascinating icicles evident in this 6:30...

WS16 Oko 6

WS16 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Apr 1 to Sunday, Apr 7, 2019: high 76, low 25
Here’s an evening full moon photo from four years ago this week: 5 April 2015.

WS16 Oko 5

WS16 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 25 to Sunday, Mar 31, 2019: high 67, low 21
Today at cousin Glenn’s i sketched the above "construction drawing" that he will use to build the sauna window.

WS16 Oko 4

WS16 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 18 to Sunday, Mar 24, 2019: high 60, low 21
Thursday afternoon, the day after the spring equinox, Anne and i finished installing the west porch windows. They have build in screens and really change the look and feel of the porch.

WS16 Oko 3

WS16 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 11 to Sunday, Mar 17, 2019: high 54, low -1
Tuesday was warm and the snow really melted. But because the frost is still in the ground, the water cannot soak in and therefore runs on the surface, making the low area connecting the springs wild with water like a fast-running...

WS16 Oko 2

WS16 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 4 to Sunday, Mar 10, 2019: high 39, low -17
Monday morning Dan and i stood the north (the left one in the photo above) and east walls of the sauna and fastened them together and to the floor. There is not enough room in the garage to build the sauna roof in place, nor...

WS16 Oko 1

WS16 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 25 to Sunday, Mar 3, 2019: high 30, low -7
After a couple days of snowing, the sky cleared and the sun shone.

WS15 Oko 52

WS15 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 18 to Sunday, Feb 24, 2019: high 33, low -13
Friday was a gray day with little color. This mid-morning photo through the window shows almost no shadows, though if you look closely at the rabbit (who might be looking back just as closely) there is...

WS15 Oko 51

WS15 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 11 to Sunday, Feb 17, 2019: high 52, low -5
At noon on Monday, Dan and i framed and sheeted the north and east walls of the sauna. We are building the walls on the sauna floor, then leaning them against the wall on the left of the picture. It is incredibly...

WS15 Oko 50

WS15 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Feb 4 to Sunday, Feb 10, 2019: high 33, low -25
Construction on the Wingsprings sauna began in earnest this week. On Wednesday, Dan and i framed its floor, then i worked until midnight cutting rigid insulation to fit into the spaces between the joists. That is...

WS15 Oko 49

WS15 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 28 to Sunday, Feb 3, 2019: high 63, low 1
Cousin Glenn came out and helped install lighting in the library. This is a job that I’ve waited two years to get done. He and I did it in a few days after he got off work. Seems he can do just about anything....

WS15 Oko 48

WS15 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 21 to Sunday, Jan 27, 2019: high 53, low 9
Friday morning: more snow.

WS15 Oko 47

WS15 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 14 to Sunday, Jan 20, 2019: high 49, low 5
Friday afternoon I walked down to the hangar to check on the rabbit-proofing that cousin Glenn and I installed a couple weeks ago. It seems to be working. The rabbits are digging all along the door, but when...

WS15 Oko 46

WS15 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 7 to Sunday, Jan 13, 2019: high 54, low 11
On Saturday afternoon the bang bang bang bang of a woodpecker got my attention. Looking through the bathroom window, I could see the woodpecker. It is hard to see in the picture, but it is right on top of the...

WS15 Oko 45 2019

WS15 Oko 45 2019

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 31, 2018 to Sunday, Jan 6, 2019: high 55, low -9
Cousin Glenn and I spent yesterday rabbit-proofing the hangar. This involved digging a shallow trench just inside the large sliding doors, putting down a thin layer of sand, and then placing 2-foot square...

WS15 Oko 44

WS15 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 24 to Sunday, Dec 30, 2018: high 47, low -9
Early Christmas afternoon, just before they departed ahead of an incoming storm, Harvey, Dicksy and Mom (r-l) posed for a picture. Dicksy & Harvey made it back to Pipestone that night, and Mom made it back...

WS15 Oko 43

WS15 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 17 to Sunday, Dec 23, 2018: high 58, low 15
Yesterday I checked in on the little tractor in the hangar, and found a rabbit sitting on its running board. One more hop and she would be on the seat. Then one thing leads to another and the next thing we...

WS15 Oko 42

WS15 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 10 to Sunday, Dec 16, 2018: high 51, low 3
In recognition of Bob’s hard work of boxing in the columns, this picture taken today conveys a sense of solidity that was only possible by the new dimensions of the columns. I like that they and their shadows...

WS15 Oko 41

WS15 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Dec 3 to Sunday, Dec 9, 2018: high 34, low -1
Another picture from the archives, this one looking west, taken December 5, 2014, of a sunset contrail over the cockpit.

WS15 Oko 40

WS15 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 26 to Sunday, Dec 2, 2018: high 48, low 11
From the archives, November 27 three years ago this week: looking west from the wicoti, past the tipi poles, toward the setting sun.

WS15 Oko 39

WS15 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 19 to Sunday, Nov 25, 2018: high 63, low 16
Saturday early afternoon another snow storm is just beginning to blow in.

WS15 Oko 38

WS15 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 12 to Sunday, Nov 18, 2018: high 67, low 5
Bob, Antonio and Chase (r-l), next to the latest column that Bob and Antonio boxed in. It has been a huge chore to box in the twisted and off-centered columns, but the final visual affect is stunning! Seeing...

WS15 Oko 37

WS15 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 5 to Sunday, Nov 11, 2018: high 52, low 8
Phil, Antonio and Bob (r-l), this morning before Phil left to return to Iowa. Antonio is going to stay a week and a half to help with Wingsprings and CAIRNS tasks. Bob arrived on Thursday and is going to...

WS15 Oko 36

WS15 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 29 to Sunday Nov 4, 2018: high 80, low 20
Tuesday afternoon looking westward toward Wingsprings from the road to the gate. On the horizon, just to the left of the cockpit, is the distant Butte.

WS15 Oko 35

WS15 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 22 to Sunday, Oct 28, 2018: high 73, low 25
This afternoon I dismantled the garden fence, harvested the last of the carrots, and rolled up the soaker hose It is time to prepare for winter.

WS15 Oko 34

WS15 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 15 to Sunday, Oct 21, 2018: high 72, low 14
Friday afternoon we welcomed visitors from Rapid City, Minnesota and Colorado. From right to left, Mom, Dicksy, Roseanna, Dave and Chase.

WS15 Oko 33

WS15 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 8 to Sunday Oct 14, 2018: high 59, low 17
Midmorning Wednesday looking through a library door and its screen across the snow in the hocoka.

WS15 Oko 32

WS15 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Oct 1 to Sunday, Oct 7, 2018: high 83, low 21
Late Tuesday afternoon cloudscape looking west southwest past the “nose” of the house.

WS15 Oko 31

WS15 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 24 to Sunday, Sep 30, 2018: high 73, low 28
Pulled this image from the archives for this week last year. Its a drawing for the hangar. Basically it is what was built, except for the opening in the wing wall on the left. The drawing also didn’t account...

WS15 Oko 30

WS15 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 17 to Sunday, Sep 23, 2018: high 94, low 37
Steve and Sarah returned the Lakota Emergence exhibit this afternoon, then stayed to visit a little while before continuing on to the Black Hills. The exhibit had been at the Plains Art Museum in Fargo.

WS15 Oko 29

WS15 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 10 to Sunday, Sep 16, 2018: high 98, low 48
Saturday was the fifth Lakota Film Festival organized by CAIRNS. It was hosted at the historic Inland Theater on Main Street in Martin. Three students from South Dakota State University ⏤ Abigail, Ava...

WS15 Oko 28

WS15 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Sep 3 to Sunday, Sep 9, 2018: high 91, low 54
Five guests ⏤ Anne Siri, Jim, Jill, Marianne and Hank (r-l) ⏤ arrived Friday afternoon. They brought supper, visited, played guitars and sang. The photo above was taken Saturday morning just before they...

WS15 Oko 27

WS15 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday Aug 27 to Sunday, Sep 2, 2018: high 94, low 43
Saturday’s sunset appears to have been just south of the Butte, which suggests that the Wingsprings sunset day was Friday the 31st. The sunset day is when the appears to set directly behind the Butte.

WS15 Oko 26

WS15 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 20 to Sunday, Aug 26, 2018: high 97, low 39
Overnight guests this week were Larry and Aviva (r-l), who traveled here all the way from Virginia.

WS15 Oko 25

WS15 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 13 to Sunday, Aug 19, 2018: high 91, low 47
This is an image from this week last year. Can you see the prairie dog just left of the center of the picture? In the upper-right is 226th Avenue, and in the upper-left is the windsock. It is uncommon for...

WS15 Oko 24

WS15 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 6 to Sunday Aug 13, 2018: high 95, low 51
Attendees of the Satyagraha Institute visited on Thursday from their meeting place in the Black Hills. They even brought lunch!

WS15 Oko 23

WS15 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 30 to Sunday, Aug 5, 2018: high 96, low 49
Thursday’s guests came all the way from France! Celine (on the right) has been at Wingsprings previously, but her friends ⏤ “Igmu,” Celine and Jerome (r-l) ⏤ were visiting for the first time.

WS15 Oko 22

WS15 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 23 to Sunday, Jul 29, 2018: high 93, low 50
Wednesday, 6:58pm, looking west.

WS15 Oko 21

WS15 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 16 to Sunday, Jul 22, 2018: high 93, low 54
From the seat of the new diesel tractor, looking south. The tractor has a 60″ belly mower which is great in that it cuts the mowing time at least in half compared to the riding mower. With over a mile and...

WS15 Oko 20

WS15 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 9 to Sunday, Jul 15, 2018: high 99, low 60
Saturday’s late evening skyscape looking north. Wingsprings seemingly growing right out of the earth.

WS15 Oko 19

WS15 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jul 2 to Sunday, Jul 8, 2018: high 101, low 58
This windmill is in the south Bear Creek pasture, which is west of Wingsprings. The picture is taken looking north. The windmill pumps water into the smaller tank which, when full, overflows into the larger tank. Storage...

WS15 Oko 18

WS15 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 25 to Sunday, Jul 1, 2018: high 99, low 50
For the second Friday in a row, we hosted a Lakota Lands & Identities “workshop on wheels” traveling seminar. They were a great group, and the hosting crew did a wonderful job getting everyone fed a delicious meal.

WS15 Oko 17

WS15 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 18 to Sunday, Jun 24, 2018: high , low 
Friday we hosted the Lakota Lands & Identities “workshop on wheels” traveling seminar. After lunch, Eldon (wearing a black t-shirt) and Marc (not in this picture) presented to the group. Mom, along with Marc, Eldon and their...

WS15 Oko 16

WS15 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 11 to Sunday, Jun 17, 2018: high 104, low 52
Late Wednesday afternoon, looking north. The bed of the side by side full of rocks that I picked up along the road from the gate to the house. Try to pick up the big ones so the mower doesn’t hit them. Earlier I had already...

WS15 Oko 15

WS15 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 4 to Sunday, Jun 10, 2018: high 100, low 57
Some gnarly looking clouds on Friday afternoon.

WS15 Oko 14

WS15 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 28 to Sunday, Jun 3, 2018: high 90, low 36
Tuesday morning I finished preparing the garden for planting.

WS15 Oko 13

WS15 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 21 to Sunday, May 27, 2018: high 93, low 41
Tuesday morning was foggy. On my walk to the gate and back, this prairie dog home caught my attention. The resident had been busy scraping gravel and dirt and grass from around her/his home. The pattern, though, is what...

WS15 Oko 12

WS15 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 14 to Sunday, May 20, 2018: high 88, low 34
With cousin Glenn’s help, we ran irrigation lines to the six new trees in the hocoka. If the trees are going to survive, they need a steady supply of water. The irrigation system will enable me to see that they get the...

WS15 Oko 11

WS15 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 7 to Sunday, May 13, 2018: high 89, low 42
Wednesday, Mom and I planted six ornamental trees in the hocoka. This was the first. And just to be clear, she supervised while I did the digging! (That is her supervisor’s chair near the window.) The ground was so hard...

WS15 Oko 10

WS15 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 30 to Sunday, May 6, 2018: high 81, low 33
Sort of a startling discovery this afternoon down in the Turtle Pond: a dead snapping turtle suspended in the water, its flesh decaying.

WS15 Oko 9

WS15 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 23 to Sunday, Apr 29, 2018: high 80, low 21
A beautiful skyscape today, Sunday, just before sunset. Left of center, below the skyline, you can see the sunlight illuminating the northern walls of the garage.

WS15 Oko 8

WS15 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 16 to Sunday Apr 22, 2018: high 68, low 26
This Sunday afternoon I finally replaced the windsock up near the road. It is replaced every year on Dad’s birthday, but I’m over a month late this year. The box on the side by side works as a good platform to work from to...

WS15 Oko 7

WS15 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 9 to Sunday, Apr 15, 2018: high , low 
This picture was taken Friday late afternoon, looking north out the kitchen window toward the hangar. A blizzard was howling outside. Wednesday the temperature reached 80 degrees. Thursday the high was 65 degrees. Then the blizzard...

WS15 Oko 6

WS15 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Apr 2 to Sunday, Apr 8, 2018: high 58, low 14
Brother and sister, Tom and Dee (r-l), drove down from Rapid City to visit on Thursday.

WS15 Oko 5

WS15 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 26 to Sunday, Apr 1, 2018: high 59, low 12
Thursday morning, looking directly on axis with where the sun sets on the winter solstice. The snow so heavy that the horizon line is not visible. But if you look closely under the roof near the left side of the image, you...

WS15 Oko 4

WS15 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 19 to Sunday, Mar 25, 2018: high 64, low 21
Early this afternoon while Glenn and I were getting the water hooked up to the faucet near the hangar, these two rabbits started playing/fighting and I was able to capture some of their antics on video. This image is a screen...

WS15 Oko 3

WS15 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 12 to Sunday Mar 18, 2018: high , low 
Tuesday evening looking west toward Wingsprings and on beyond to the wonderful colors of the sunset. At the horizon line you can see a silhouette of the upper part of the cockpit and, above it, the contrail of a jet heading northwest....

WS15 Oko 2

WS15 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 5 to Sunday, Mar 11, 2018: high 62, low 10
Saturday mid-morning the snow began.

WS15 Oko 1

WS15 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 26 to Sunday, Mar 4, 2018: high 65, low 9
Velma and Diane (r-l) spent time at Wingsprings this week. They were here to attend commemorations for the 45th anniversary of the 71-day Wounded Knee occupation in 1973.

WS14 Oko 52

WS14 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 19 to Sunday, Feb 25, 2018: high 28, low -23
Friday morning picture. In the foreground, beneath the rectangular area, is the quilt that Andrea and Francie made for the Takuwe exhibit and that will be excavated soon and displayed in the exhibit. In...

WS14 Oko 51

WS14 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 12 to Sunday, Feb 18, 2018: high 49, low -2
Due to runoff from melting snow and frozen ground, the excess water flooded all around the ponds. Here you can see the ice in the mowed walking path and, beyond, the high ice all around the willow tree.

WS14 Oko 50

WS14 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Feb 5 to Sunday, Feb 11, 2018: high 37, low -25
Early Saturday morning view from the cockpit, looking over the snow-covered roof of the library and garage. The low that day was twenty-five degrees below zero!

WS14 Oko 49

WS14 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 29 to Sunday, Feb 4, 2018: high 47, low -1
This photo is from the archives, during this week six years ago in 2012. It is of a pelvic bone from an old bull that died years ago in the draw south of Wingsprings. It has bleached out by the sun over...

WS14 Oko 48

WS14 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 22 to Sunday, Jan 28, 2018: high 45, low 2
There now, after over a decade without one, is an oven at Wingsprings. In this case, its a combination conventional and microwave version, mounted in a cabinet. Cousin Glenn helped a lot in getting it installed,...

WS14 Oko 47

WS14 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 15 to Sunday, Jan 21, 2018: high 54, low -20
Saturday afternoon the guys from Rapid City delivered the kitchen oven ⏤ finally. Now the task is to get it installed.

WS14 Oko 46

WS14 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 8 to Sunday, Jan 14, 2018: high 59, low 2
Sunday morning sunrise illuminating the bottoms of the clouds, looking southeast from a cockpit window. The color of the Wingsprings drum walls mimics the color of these clouds. On the far right, two sets of...

WS14 Oko 45 2018

WS14 Oko 45 2018

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Jan 1 to Sunday, Jan 7, 2018: high 45, low -7
Thursday morning a number of deer walked right past the western windows of Wingsprings. By the look of these, they are wintering pretty good in this new year.

WS14 Oko 44

WS14 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 25 to Sunday, Dec 31, 2017: high 27, low -15
Early this Wednesday morning the temperature dipped to 15 degrees below zero! When this photo was taken around 1 o’clock in the afternoon, it had warmed all the way to 14 degrees above zero. In the picture,...

WS14 Oko 43

WS14 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 18 to Sunday Dec 24, 2017: high 64, low -5
Friday morning, twenty minutes to eight, five degrees above zero. The picture taken on the Wingsprings west-east axis.

WS14 Oko 42

WS14 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 11 to Sunday, Dec 17, 2017: high 60, low 13
Nighttime picture of the hangar. Cousin Glenn is helping install LED lights which are so nice and useful.

WS14 Oko 41

WS14 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Dec 4 to Sunday, Dec 10, 2017: high , low 
A snow storm was huffing and puffing pretty seriously on Monday morning.

WS14 Oko 40

WS14 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 27 to Sunday, Dec 3, 2017: high 72, low 12
Jay and Randy (r-l) stopped by Friday afternoon to do their final inspection of the hangar. Randy served as the general contractor, and Jay’s company, Pioneer Buildings, erected it.

WS14 Oko 39

WS14 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 20 to Sunday, Nov 26, 2017: high 73, low 18
The week began with Tony winching the canister onto his tow truck Monday afternoon. Its going to be different here at Wingsprings without this canister. Its been here for 12 years, almost from the beginning...

WS14 Oko 38

WS14 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 13 to Sunday, Nov 19, 2017: high 77, low 16
Here’s the crew that is building the hangar. From right to left: Brad, Daryl and Cetan. By quitting time Tuesday, they had the hangar enclosed. Directly behind them are the two sliding doors. There is...

WS14 Oko 37

WS14 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 6 to Sunday, Nov 12, 2017: high 55, low 13
Brother Kent suggested we call this “the hangar,” and so we will. It does look like one! The large 3-ply truss is clear-spanning 32 feet. Two 16-foot hanging doors will roll on the track behind the brown...

WS14 Oko 36

WS14 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 30 to Sunday, Nov 5, 2017: high 51, low 7
Awoke this Sunday morning to find a blanket of snow spread over the land. In the middle of the photo is the beginning of the new shed. The crew nailed up the first mono truss just before quitting time on Friday....

WS14 Oko 35

WS14 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 23 to Sunday, Oct 29, 2017: high 79, low 11
Am not sure if this rabbit was all the way on the upper deck, but this is where i caught her. She was on her way to the stairs, which she descended pretty gracefully. It makes me wonder about her curiosity;...

WS14 Oko 34

WS14 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 16 to Sunday, Oct 22, 2017: high 85, low 22
Saturday afternoon, Brad brought two loads of gravel from up in the badlands. His truck and trailer are at the far end of the windrow. The trailer is a center dump with two compartments. The end one is dumped...

WS14 Oko 33

WS14 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 9 to Sunday, Oct 15, 2017: high 78, low 20
Tuesday morning these rabbits “performed” for misun Jordan and me as we were beginning our walk to the gate and back. A third rabbit, which you can see in the background, joined the fracas. They jumped over...

WS14 Oko 32

WS14 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Oct 2 to Sunday, Oct 8, 2017: high 80, low 28
The almost-full moon is rising over the Wingsprings west-east axis beyond the chalky ridge in the background. The shadow in the middle ground is confusing because the items casting them are not in the same...

WS14 Oko 31

WS14 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 25 to Sunday, Oct 1, 2017: high 80, low 29
Tuesday late afternoon i was trying to catch the sun peeking out from between clouds to shine brightly on the yellow leaves of the tree down near the wicoti. It was a beautiful fall day with pleasant temperature...

WS14 Oko 30

WS14 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 18 to Sunday, Sep 24, 2017: high 92, low 41
Thursday just before sunset did another harvest of the garden. This was the first time for tomatoes. As you can see, in addition to tomatoes there were peppers and beans as well. This harvest was on the last official...

WS14 Oko 29

WS14 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 11 to Sunday, Sep 17, 2017: high 98, low 32
Tuesday’s early evening rain shower resulted in a nice complete rainbow arcing across the eastern sky; and then a fainter one above it. The upper one did not fully develop, but if you look close you...

WS14 Oko 28

WS14 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Sep 4 to Sunday, Sep 10, 2017: high 92, low 29
A feather from a red tailed hawk. Found it along the road yesterday late afternoon, near the cairn (which can be seen in the right background). Near here the day before on my way to town a red tailed hawk...

WS14 Oko 27

WS14 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 28 to Sunday, Sep 3, 2017: high 97, low 48
This evening was the first harvest from the garden. Lots of beans, a number of peppers, and a couple carrots that are still too small. Can’t see it in the cropped photo, but the setting sun was a dull red...

WS14 Oko 26

WS14 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 21 to Sunday, Aug 27, 2017: high 94, low 42
See the five geese just above the horizon? They surprised me this evening as i was returning down the ridge as the sun was setting, flying by real low just off my right shoulder, heading south. Almost for...

WS14 Oko 25

WS14 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 14 to Sunday, Aug 20, 2017: high 97, low 49
Tuesday late afternoon a thunderstorm built to the northeast. Then a “finger” of clouds started extending from the main thunderhead toward Wingsprings. Eventually, the narrow row of thunderheads extended...

WS14 Oko 24

WS14 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 7 to Sunday, Aug 13, 2017: high 85, low 44
Tuesday evening this long roll-cloud moved across the sky from west to east. It was long! And low. Its humbling to see the vast variety of clouds and weather patterns that exist right here in the Wingsprings...

WS14 Oko 23

WS14 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 31 to Sunday, Aug 6, 2017: high 94, low 49
Friday morning Kaitlin departed for her Boston home. She arrived and settled into the east cabin on July 3, and began her internship with CAIRNS on July 5. Its been nice having her in residence these past...

WS14 Oko 22

WS14 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 24 to Sunday, Jul 30, 2017: high 103, low 58
Last week a bull snake crawled across the hocoka and we measured him at 4.5 feet long. This Tuesday around 5pm i opened the library door and right there in front of me, against the threshold, was a big snake....

WS14 Oko 21

WS14 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 17 to Sunday, Jul 23, 2017: high 103, low 59
Wednesday morning this bull snake crawled across the hocoka. Since Jacob and Kaitlin had not seen such a long snake before, we measured it: 4.5 feet. In the picture above, the snake is heading eastward....

WS14 Oko 20

WS14 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 10 to Sunday, Jul 16, 2017: high 99, low 53
CAIRNS research fellow, Sandrine, and her parents stopped by Wingsprings Monday late afternoon. Their homes are in France! Jacques is a botanist interested in biodiversity at the landscape scale, so it was neat to...

WS14 Oko 19

WS14 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jul 3 to Sunday, Jul 9, 2017: high 104, low 56
Wednesday near sunset. The new soaker hose is working real good. The carrots and beans have sprouted and are growing. So far the fence is keeping the rabbits out. But there is so much green grass around that they probably...

WS14 Oko 18

WS14 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 26 to Sunday, Jul 2, 2017: high 93, low 39
Over 40 participants, and nearly ten staff, enjoyed lunch here on Friday. They were part of the Lakota Lands & Identities “workshop on wheels,” a 5-day seminar that travels to important sites in Lakota history. The seminar...

WS14 Oko 17

WS14 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 19 to Sunday, Jun 25, 2017: high 94, low 34
Fee and Phyllis (r-l), two of the Tipi Sisters, planted the garden Wednesday morning, less than ten hours after the summer solstice. Its a little late for planting, but we will see how things do. The first order of business...

WS14 Oko 16

WS14 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 12 to Sunday, Jun 18, 2017: high 84, low 46
Brother Kent showing off his famous bareback bronc riding form. He spurred and spurred for the full eight seconds, but the mower didn’t move, and he rode to the bell without getting thrown.

WS14 Oko 15

WS14 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 5 to Sunday, Jun 11, 2017: high 93, low 51
Four fun faces sitting on the upper deck Thursday afternoon. Right to left: Peri is the VP of CAIRNS, Maria is the chef for this week, Richard is a science teacher at Todd County Achievement School, and Jacob is a CAIRNS...

WS14 Oko 14

WS14 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 29 to Sunday, Jun 4, 2017: high 85, low 34
Widening the walking paths with the new mower. It runs very nice! This was the second mowing of the season. If you look close, you can see a turtle scampering (well, it seems like it was  moving pretty fast at the time!)...

WS14 Oko 13

WS14 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 22 to Sunday, May 28, 2017: high 79, low 33
For some reason, this little baby turtle didn’t make it back to the pond alive. Obviously he wasn’t eaten; maybe he got onto his back and couldn’t right himself. They are so small! When alive, the bottom of their shell...

WS14 Oko 12

WS14 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 15 to Sunday, May 21, 2017: high 76, low 32
Two elk bulls! This is the first instance of catching them on film here at Wingsprings. So even though this picture was taken by the trail camera on the 13th, its included in this week’s oko iyawapi because i just got the...

WS14 Oko 11

WS14 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 8 to Sunday, May 14, 2017: high 73, low 38
Sunday a little while before sunset. Mothers Day. New patio furniture. In addition to this chair and side table, there are also a few more chairs for you and yours. So come visit. Sit down and relax. It would be good to...

WS14 Oko 10

WS14 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, May 1 to Sunday, May 7, 2017: high 87, low 28
Monday afternoon Tyler’s parents (Mary and Bo) stopped by to visit and check out Wingsprings. They came all the way from northeastern Ohio to see their son, and where he worked. It was, after all, his next to last — penultimate...

WS14 Oko 9

WS14 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 24 to Sunday, Apr 30, 2017: high 65, low 21
Tuesday morning snow! Thats right, snow! Earlier in the morning, especially when it was really snowing, it was a lot whiter. But the ground was relatively warm so the snow melted rapidly. It is good and much needed moisture....

WS14 Oko 8

WS14 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 17 to Sunday, Apr 23, 2017: high 76, low 26
Sandrine, Rachel, Mike and Tyler (r-l) were here Wednesday morning. Sandrine, a CAIRNS Fellow, spent a few days in residence writing, whereas Rachel and Mike were here this morning to talk about food sovereignty. Tyler,...

WS14 Oko 7

WS14 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 10 to Sunday, Apr 16, 2017: high 80, low 31
Walked to the trail camera and installed new batteries Saturday afternoon. On the way back, this doe in the picture above jumped up and startled me, but she didn’t run away. Instead, she stopped and stood watching me as i...

WS14 Oko 6

WS14 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Apr 3 to Sunday, Apr 9, 2017: high 81, low 27
Saturday mid-afternoon. The grass is greening up, and is especially evident in the mowed areas. If you use your imagination, you can see turtle shells glistening along the far shore of the pond. There were lots of them, but as...

WS14 Oko 5

WS14 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 27 to Sunday, Apr 2, 2017: high 66, low 27
Dramatic coloring this Monday late afternoon. Its hard to see from this distance, but the interplay of sunlight and shadows was so remarkable. Especially liked the sunlit swale on the other side of the springs.

WS14 Oko 4

WS14 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 20 to Sunday, Mar 26, 2017: high 71, low 28
Thursday afternoon just after 5 o’clock. Spring shower in the west, illuminated by sunlight streaming through a “hole” in the clouds.

WS14 Oko 3

WS14 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 13 to Sunday, Mar 19, 2017: high 80, low 13
Today, Sunday, is Dad’s birthday. Mom was here for the first of what will be an annual changing of the windsock on March 19th. Last year we installed the windsock on March 29th (see Oko 6, 2016). The windsock is fastened to...

WS14 Oko 2

WS14 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 6 to Sunday, Mar 12, 2017: high 61, low 15
Monday mid to late afternoon we received more snow, along with high winds! But by sundown, the snow had stopped and there was a beautiful sliver of sunset beneath the clouds and above the western horizon.

WS14 Oko 1

WS14 Oko 1

Oko Wanji
Monday, Feb 27 to Sunday, Mar 5, 2017: high 65, low 6
Tuesday this week was the first day of the Wingsprings new year. It is the day when the sun rises on the Wingsprings west-east axis, beyond the windsock, and causes the cockpit to cast a shadow on the hillside just beyond the...

WS13 Oko 53

Oko Wikemna Zaptan ake Yamni
Monday, Feb 20 to Sunday, Feb 26, 2017: high 72, low 0
This is the final week of the current Wingsprings year. It has been rather tumultuous weather-wise. Sunny with an unseasonable high of 72 degrees on Tuesday, then a blowing snow storm Thursday with a low of...

WS13 Oko 52

Oko Wikemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 13 to Sunday, Feb 19, 2017: high 63, low 14
The geese are returning, and continuing on northward for the summer. All week they and other water fowl could be seen, and often heard, overhead. This picture was taken Monday at sundown as i was returning...

WS13 Oko 51

Oko Wikemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 6 to Sunday, Feb 12, 2017: high 54, low 0
Wednesday just before sunset. Was on my way to the gate. Last night we got more snow. Was 2 degrees above zero this morning, with a high today of 12. It was a chilly mile-long jaunt this afternoon.

WS13 Oko 50

Oko Wikemna Zaptan
Monday, Jan 30 to Sunday, Feb 5, 2017: high 46, low -4
Woke up this morning and from the kitchen window could see the profile of a jackrabbit. In the picture below you can see that he was all frosty, even his whiskers. It was a little startling to see his eye watching me...

WS13 Oko 49

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 23 to Sunday, Jan 29, 2017: high 44, low 4
Tuesday another snow storm blew all day. This was the view out of the bathroom window looking southeast across the hocoka toward the bathhouse that morning. Brrrrr outside, but toasty warm inside.

WS13 Oko 48

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 16 to Sunday, Jan 22, 2017: high 43, low -2
Wednesday we installed Dwayne Wilcox’s buffalo hide painting over the east wall in the library. It is the artwork he created for the Great Race exhibit that CAIRNS curated at the Journey Museum in Rapid...

WS13 Oko 47

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 9 to Sunday, Jan 15, 2017: high 44, low -5
Thursday evening guests were Carol, Dyani and Daniel (top to bottom). They stopped by because Dyani is doing research for an upcoming exhibit she is curating. She also participated in the Lakota Emergence...

WS13 Oko 46

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 2 to Sunday, Jan 8, 2017: high 28, low -20
Tuesday afternoon this brand new herbarium-style cabinet was delivered. It is a gift from Mark G. He and Grace (in the photo below) are faculty at Black Hills State University and have been “botanizing” in and...

WS13 Oko 45 2017

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 26, 2016 to Sunday, Jan 1, 2017: high 45, low -3
Yesterday, Saturday, was the last day of 2016. December 31st. And in some way, the cairn symbolized the fact that even though 2016 and 2017 are different years, they still are part of the uninterrupted...

WS13 Oko 44

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 19 to Sunday, Dec 25, 2016: high 45, low -13
More snow this week. This picture was taken Tuesday morning from the road looking almost due west toward the house.

WS13 Oko 43

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 12 to Sunday, Dec 18, 2016: high 27, low -32
This week the temperature got bitter cold and we received a lot of snow. Unfortunately, no photos to represent it. The picture above was taken December 14 last year. It snowed then too, but the low temperature...

WS13 Oko 42

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Nov 5 to Sunday, Dec 11, 2016: high 43, low -18
Stepped out the south door and snapped this photo a little before midnight tonight. Its too cold to be outside! It is amazing that this nighttime photo can be snapped just as easy as in the daytime. This new...

WS13 Oko 41

Oko Wikemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Nov 28 to Sunday, Dec 4, 2016: high 49, low 10
Am getting in the holiday spirit! Brother Kent and sister-in-law Sandie sent the beautiful wreath so hung it today. Actually have to screw its top and bottom onto the column as otherwise the wind would whip...

WS13 Oko 40

Oko Wikemna Topa
Monday, Nov 21 to Sunday, Nov 27, 2016: high 61, low 14
This week we worked a couple days on redoing the framing of the porch walls. The new sills (with slopes on them to encourage moisture to runoff instead of sit and soak and cause rotting) are painted and installed. The...

WS13 Oko 39

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 14 to Sunday, Nov 20, 2016: high 69, low 6
This picture is of a leg of a prairie dog. Here’s the backstory. Cousin Glenn, his friend Marla and i were sitting in the house visiting and saw two bald eagles fly by over the springs heading north....

WS13 Oko 38

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 7 to Sunday, Nov 13, 2016: high 75, low 20
Around noon today i went back to check on the young buck that was dead in the pond, and that is described in Oko 34. Back then i wondered if the coyotes would drag the carcass out of the water and indeed...

WS13 Oko 37

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Oct 31 to Sunday, Nov 6, 2016: high 76, low 24
Here’s a photo from two years ago this week. It was November 2, 2014, late afternoon. This is up near the gate, almost adjacent to the cairn. I was picking up large rocks from the fresh gravel that built...

WS13 Oko 36

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 24 to Sunday, Oct 30, 2016: high 82, low 30
A group of 4th-graders from Crazy Horse School visited Wingsprings Wednesday morning for a couple hours. They brought rocks and put them on the cairn. After doing an activity exploring triangles, they reboarded...

WS13 Oko 35

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 17 to Sunday, Oct 23, 2016: high 82, low 27
Yesterday morning Claire painted the wall panels that had been covered with the new Total Wall material. Its a stucco-like finish material that trowels directly onto the existing stucco. It is sort of elastic...

WS13 Oko 34

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 10 to Sunday, Oct 16, 2016: high 85, low 29
Yesterday morning, from the house we noticed this carcass. So that afternoon we checked it out and discovered that it was a young buck. Not sure how he ended up dying, or why. Too bad his body is in the pond....

WS13 Oko 33

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 3 to Sunday, Oct 9, 2016: high 82, low 21
Snow flurries blew through for a couple hours Thursday morning. At times the flurries seemed heavy, but the earth is still so warm that the snow did not stick, it melted immediately. The garden, though, is finished...

WS13 Oko 32

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 26 to Sunday, Oct 2, 2016: high 86, low 32
The trail camera caught this flock of blackbirds in flight on Thursday morning. The birds are gathering together and preparing for their migration south for the winter. Nevertheless, the leaves of the willow...

WS13 Oko 31

Oko Wikemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 19 to Sunday, Sep 25, 2016: high 86, low 32
Wednesday morning awoke to fog and it hung around for a few hours. Really makes it feel fallish with the coloring of the leaves and grasses. Some leaves are still green as you can see in the background, but...

WS13 Oko 30

Oko Wikemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 12 to Sunday, Sep 18, 2016: high 89, low 37
A Friday afternoon visitor is giving the trail camera a close inspection. She and two classmates from South Dakota State University were overnight guests here to help with the Lakota Film Festival that takes place at...

WS13 Oko 29

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 5 to Sunday, Sep 11, 2016: high 91, low 31
This walkingstick insect was clinging absolutely still to one of the upright jambs of the porch, but the late afternoon sun reflected off of her/him and caught my eye. According to the internet, these...

WS13 Oko 28

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Aug 29 to Sunday, Sep 4, 2016: high 90, low 51
Twenty-four students and two faculty from South Dakota State University’s Consumer Sciences Department spent Tuesday afternoon and evening at Wingsprings. They did an allotment exercise that included walking...

WS13 Oko 27

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 22 to Sunday, Aug 28, 2016: high 99, low 39
This unfortunate willow tree is being killed by some bug or worm or insect. Whatever it is, it has nearly encased the entire tree in a web. If you look close, you can see the webbing up and down the two...

WS13 Oko 26

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 15 to Sunday, Aug 21, 2016: high 94, low 40
Corey (r) and Jeramie (l) were working on painting the drum walls on Wednesday. The color is called “chaps” and is pretty much some light shade of orange. This color is already on the drum walls inside the...

WS13 Oko 25

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 8 to Sunday, Aug 14, 2016: high 99, low 53
This Sunday morning photo captures the two main projects we completed this week here at Wingsprings. In the foreground is the new foot door into the garage. This is something thats been planned for a few years....

WS13 Oko 24

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 1 to Sunday, Aug 7, 2016: high 99, low 48
Friday afternoon we hosted a training for a group of Teach for America teachers. The general topic was Lakota history and culture; the focus was on Pine Ridge Reservation since all of the participants will be...

WS13 Oko 23

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 25 to Sunday, Jul 31, 2016: high 93, low 51
Friday lunch was a lot of fun with visitors from near and far away. Everyone gathered to celebrate Rosemary’s visit. She is seated front left. Next to her is Tyler, then on around the table: Leah, Mom, Corey,...

WS13 Oko 22

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 18 to Sunday, Jul 24, 2016: high 105, low 61
Here’s a picture from this week last year: July 22, 2015. We were cutting ridge vents into the library and garage roofs. The process was to cut the shingles, remove them, saw through the roof sheathing, nail...

WS13 Oko 21

Oko Wikemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 11 to Sunday, Jul 17, 2016: high 95, low 42
After a dozen years of construction, there finally is a set of stairs at Wingsprings! It goes from the walkway in front of the west cabin up to the lower deck. In the first two photos below you can see how...

WS13 Oko 20

Oko Wikemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 4 to Sunday, Jul 10, 2016: high 99, low 54
Tuesday afternoon guests from Brookings were Wiyaka, Star and Ruth (r-l).

WS13 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jun 27 to Sunday, Jul 3, 2016: high 92, low 49
There is a hint of a double rainbow in this Sunday evening picture an hour or so before sunset. In the foreground is the garden. This is the first year with its new block walls on three sides. We installed the fence...

WS13 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 20 to Sunday, Jun 26, 2016: high 102, low 46
This summer’s solstice was Monday late afternoon. Early that morning, coincidentally, was a full moon. So that was pretty special. The picture above was taken Tuesday evening, the day after the solstice/full moon. That’s...

WS13 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 13 to Sunday, Jun 19, 2016: high 96, low 51
About half of the participants in the Lakota Lands & Identities traveling classroom, sponsored by Regional Health, are shown above eating lunch in the shade Friday. It was hot and windy, but almost everyone was able to...

WS13 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 6 to Sunday, Jun 12, 2016: high 102, low 43
CAIRNS’ Lakota Lands & Identities traveling classroom came to Wingsprings on Friday where we hosted a picnic lunch for them. This edition of the LL&I was hosted by the Indian Education Office of the Rapid City Area Schools,...

WS13 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, May 30 to Sunday, Jun 5, 2016: high 87, low 37
Monday morning we welcomed over 30 Teach for America corps members and staff for an all-day training. For many of the corps members this was their first full day in South Dakota. What an experience being here at Wingsprings...

WS13 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 23 to Sunday, May 29, 2016: high 80, low 35
Last night’s guests (r-l) included Nikki and Mo from Wingspan Media, and Ruth and Cora.

WS13 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 16 to Sunday, May 22, 2016: high 79, low 28
Wednesday morning Corey and Jeramie dug a path to connect the dead ends of two trails. The hillside between the trail ends was too sidling for the mower, but now they have notched a passageway into the slope that is wide...

WS13 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 9 to Sunday, May 15, 2016: high 70, low 27
A picture from the archives: 15 May 2011. Five years ago this week the plum trees south of the house were in full blossom. It was really greening up too. And if you look close, you can see the waxing moon rising. The 17th...

WS13 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 2 to Sunday, May 8, 2016: high 86, low 25
Happy Mother’s Day, Mom! Thats her, fourth from the right. She was here all week to cook for and feed the nine students and two professors from Washington & Lee University, and also guests on Tuesday, Friday and Saturday....

WS13 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 25 to Sunday, May 1, 2016: high 62, low 29
Black currant blossoms blooming this afternoon down by the wicoti. Was a little surprised that they survived this week’s snow, and especially temperatures in the teens a couple weeks ago. Sure hope they make it as currants...

WS13 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 18 to Sunday, Apr 24, 2016: high 79, low 31
Wednesday afternoon Corey is working on the library, roughing in the upper bookcases. He is making good progress, and would go faster if i would have the design completed ahead of time. Oh well. Things are changing daily...

WS13 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 11 to Sunday, Apr 17, 2016: high 82, low 18
Monday around noon eight students and a faculty member from South Dakota State University arrived and stayed until mid-Tuesday morning (R-L, Ruth, Marquette, Scott, Lauren, Alaina, Abbi, Ben and Nathan). Monday night was...

WS13 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 4 to Sunday, Apr 10, 2016: high 81, low 21
This afternoon looking west over Wingsprings toward the Butte and beyond. The sun playing hide and seek with the spaces between clouds. Springtime evident everywhere: grass greening, meadowlarks chirping, grouse dancing, turtles...

WS13 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Mar 28 to Sunday, Apr 3, 2016: high 71, low 26
Took this picture this morning of the brand new windsock that Corey and i installed on Tuesday. If you look close, to the right of the road in the middle ground that curves over a slight ridge, you can see the cairn of rocks....

WS13 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 21 to Sunday, Mar 27, 2016: high 78, low 12
Friday night it snowed and blowed, and even with warmer temperatures and sunshine, Saturday afternoon the snow was still sticking. The view above was taken mid-afternoon looking northwest, a landscape that Chuck called “ancestral.”...

WS13 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 14 to Sunday, Mar 20, 2016: high 68, low 8
We are continuing to work in the library building shelves. Here Corey is installing a mid-span support bracket he cut, sanded and faced. The function of the unfinished “buttress” in the left-center has yet to be figured out....

WS13 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 7 to Sunday, Mar 13, 2016: high 76, low 18
Sure feels like spring arrived this week, especially this afternoon with the temperature in the low 70s, nearly a clear sky and lots of wind. Tuesday was the first day we heard Meadowlarks this year, and their return is always...

WS13 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Feb 29 to Sunday, Mar 6, 2016: high 72, low 18
Beautiful afternoon. Temperature around 70 degrees, no wind (thus the water’s smooth surface) and clear sky. Walked the outer trail of the reserve and noticed a number of turtles, particularly in the pond above which we aptly...

WS13 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 22 to Sunday, Feb 28, 2016: high 70, low 13
Happy New Year! Thats right, February 28 is the beginning of the Wingsprings year. So this is Oko 1 for 2016. Unfortunately i was not able to verify that the sun indeed did rise on the Wingsprings west-east axis, but prior...

WS12 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 15 to Sunday, Feb 21, 2016: high 73, low 22
Monday morning a couple deers nonchalantly walked past the trail camera. As you can see, most of the snow had already melted away–even before the temperature reached 73 degrees later in the week.

WS12 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 8 to Sunday, Feb 14, 2016: high 63, low 13
Here’s a picture from the archives: February 14, 2008. Eight years ago! Emile and i burned slash piles that evening since the conditions were favorable. The temperature was chilly but not bitterly cold. There...

WS12 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Feb 1 to Sunday, Feb 7, 2016: high 47, low 10
Five years ago this week the melting snow created a small pond inside the curve of the first turn in the road to the gate. The trail that was our road was nearly impassable. Since then Mom has helped with grading the...

WS12 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 25 to Sunday, Jan 31, 2016: high 53, low 11
Thursday was right in the middle of a relative heat wave–the temperature for a couple days was in the 50s! With sunshine and a breeze, the snow really melted. This picture was taken that day just after...

WS12 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 18 to Sunday, Jan 24, 2016: high 46, low 2
Work on the library warmed up considerably by Thursday afternoon when Wayne and Harlan (r-l) turned on the new electric boiler they installed. The boiler heats a glycol solution that is pumped through around...

WS12 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 11 to Sunday, Jan 17, 2016: high 43, low -5
Yesterday Tyler, Corey, Jeramie and i hosted twenty TFA teachers for an all-day workshop. Even though the outdoor temperature was in the single digits and it snowed lightly all day, the teachers drove in...

WS12 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 4 to Sunday, Jan 10, 2016: high 39, low -13
Took the picture above this afternoon up the south draw just a little ways.  Three dead trees standing. Its the one on the right that is so fascinating because on it what appears to be writing, or at least...

WS12 Oko 45 2016

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 28, 2015 to Sunday, Jan 3, 2016: high 32, low -15
Yesterday afternoon snow shoed to the trail cameras and on the way back passed through the wicoti. That is where the picture above was taken. But the object on the tipi platform in the foreground caught...

WS12 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 21 to Sunday, Dec 27, 2015: high 44, low -15
This photo is from the archives: 21 December 2012. It was taken three years ago this week on the winter solstice. It illustrates that the winter solstice sunset is essentially on axis with the center of the...

WS12 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 14 to Sunday, Dec 20, 2015: high 41, low -5
This morning Wingsprings was enlivened by a visit from Katrina and Ruby (daughter and mother, r-l). Ruby was here in August with Regional Health’s Lakota Lands & Identities traveling seminar (see Oko 26, 2015)....

WS12 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 7 to Sunday, Dec 13, 2015: high 61, low 22
This morning absolutely calm with a deep blanket of new snow and thick fog that obscured the line between ground and sky, and muted the sun to a dull disk. Silence. All sound seemingly absorbed by both the...

WS12 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Nov 30 to Sunday, Dec 6, 2015: high 48, low 2
Five years ago this week i was removing the old west line of the fence that encircled the Wingsprings facilities, thereby integrating the facilities and the springs into what we now call the Wingsprings Reserve....

WS12 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 23 to Sunday, Nov 29, 2015: high 65, low 2
Yesterday afternoon it snowed again and because there wasn’t much breeze it covered everything with over an inch of powdery snow. Took this photo from one of the south windows of the cockpit looking south. In the center...

WS12 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 16 to Sunday, Nov 22, 2015: high 61, low 4
Awoke to wintery weather Friday morning–overnight snow on the ground and flurries off and on all day. It felt like winter was here. In the middle background is Wingsprings, barely visible through the...

WS12 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 9 to Sunday, Nov 15, 2015: high 68, low 15
Took this photo mid afternoon today while walking along the path on the west side of the springs. Beautiful sunny fall day today and the temperature was the highest its been this week. As the water indicates,...

WS12 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 2 to Sunday, Nov 8, 2015: high 79, low 16
Wednesday we enjoyed a visit from Stella and Tawa (r-l). Even though the roads were wet and slick, they made their way here and back.

WS12 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 26 to Sunday, Nov 1, 2015: high 65, low 13
Saturday afternoon was warm and sunny, which might have led these grasshoppers to act like it was springtime instead of the fall of the year.

WS12 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 19 to Sunday, Oct 25, 2015: high 76, low 24
On a warm Tuesday, Corey and i finished repairing the roof in the lower-center of the picture above. You can tell where the repair was made by the darker shingles–they are new and have not faded like those...

WS12 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 12 to Sunday, Oct 18, 2015: high 81, low 21
Thursday morning was busy here at Wingsprings. Overnight guests included (R-L) Rosemarie, Gabriel, Jordan, Miranda, Heather, Corey (well, okay, he was not an overnight guest), Rachel and Tyler (who also did...

WS12 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 5 to Sunday, Oct 11, 2015: high 90, low 31
Eight years ago this week (October 7, 2007), things looked a whole lot different here at Wingsprings than they do now. We were building the outside slope of the bathhouse roof, shingling it as well as the...

WS12 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 28 to Sunday, Oct 4, 2015: high 74, low 46
Friday afternoon students and faculty from South Dakota State University’s Department of Architecture arrived and spent the night. From right to left: Kyle, JoAllen, Jessica, Bret, Teresa, Dustin, Rachel,...

WS12 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 21 to Sunday, Sep 27, 2015: high 89, low 40
Took this picture from the road early this morning looking southwest toward the tipi frames in the wicoti. The tree leaves are turning quickly. It is fall. Tonight the full moon was completely eclipsed, an...

WS12 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 14 to Sunday, Sep 20, 2015: high 95, low 33
There was a wonderful crew of Wingsprings guests this weekend. They are from Brookings, Chamberlain and Wagner, and were here for the Lakota Film Festival that CAIRNS hosted at the Inland Theater in Martin on Saturday....

WS12 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 7 to Sunday, Sep 13, 2015: high 94, low 40
Monday afternoon thunderheads began developing east of Wingsprings. By sunset, they were high and majestically colored. This picture is taken from the south porch looking across the hocoka toward the...

WS12 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Aug 31 to Sunday, Sep 6, 2015: high 98, low 53
The photo above was snapped just before sunset this Sunday evening from the wicoti south of the headquarters building. It was a nice ending to a beautiful day. The fall-like temperatures of the past couple...

WS12 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 24 to Sunday, Aug 30, 2015: high 100, low 38
We worked on a new garden retaining wall this week. Friday Corey (above right, splitting a cap block) and Jeremy (above left, getting ready to set a block) finished setting the blocks. We will let the...

WS12 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 17 to Sunday, Aug 23, 2015: high 88, low 39
In the photo above, Tyler is taking a group picture of participants in the latest edition of the CAIRNS Lakota Lands & Identities traveling seminar. Forty-five healthcare professionals arrived in a motor...

WS12 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 10 to Sunday, Aug 16, 2015: high 102, low 49
Monday late afternoon visitors were sisters Anne and Lou from North Carolina, and Jenny from Nevada (r-l).

WS12 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 3 to Sunday, Aug 9, 2015: high 93, low 53
Sunday afternoon we stopped on a ridge overlooking the deep draw in the south pasture. Evangeline (standing) was enjoying the off-road adventure, but her mom (Mabel) had tried to get out and walk a couple times...

WS12 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 27 to Sunday, Aug 2, 2015: high 95, low 39
Tuesday afternoon Kim and Madonna from Wild Horse Butte Community Development Corporation stopped by to visit. We ate lunch on the patio. Mom, Mabel and Evangeline were here too. And since it was a work day,...

WS12 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 20 to Sunday, Jul 26, 2015: high 98, low 53
The little rabbit above lives along the road to the gate that i walk to once or twice a day. At first she was very shy, but beginning this week she became more and more accustomed to me. For instance, she...

WS12 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 13 to Sunday, Jul 19, 2015: high 90, low 52
Friday noon Tyler and Corey (r-l) relaxing on the pad in front of the library’s French doors, and under the roof frame that cousin Glenn built and helped install last year. Behind these two fine gentlemen...

WS12 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 6 to Sunday, Jul 12, 2015: high 90, low 50
Took this picture moments before sunset today, Sunday. Wingsprings is located within a beautiful landscape and beneath a spectacular skyscape. Ever changing, both are sources of inspiration and contemplation. Following...

WS12 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jun 29 to Sunday, Jul 5, 2015: high 92, low 53
Monday evening dinner guests were cousins Glenn, Dean, Tim and Roseanna (r-l). Harvey was here too but didn’t make it into the picture. Dean and Tim were visiting from PA and CO, and Harvey from VA. Its always good...

WS12 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 22 to Sunday, Jun 28, 2015: high 87, low 57
The Tipi Sisters (R-L: Phyllis, Susan, Mom, Fee, Carol and Megan) were in residence Monday to Wednesday for the sixth consecutive summer. As they departed on Wednesday morning, they placed rocks on the cairn up near...

WS12 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 15 to Sunday, Jun 21, 2015: high 88, low 51
Tuesday was Mom’s birthday, and this rainbow picture was taken early that morning. The conditions, of course, have to be just right to see a rainbow: moisture in the air in front of you and the sun behind you. Its rare...

WS12 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 8 to Sunday, Jun 14, 2015: high 93, low 52
Friday we hosted the Lakota Lands & Identities traveling classroom of over 40 participants from the Rapid City area. They arrived on the big bus in the background of the picture above. Premiere Wingsprings chef Corey grilled...

WS12 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 1 to Sunday, Jun 7, 2015: high 85, low 51
Monday afternoon Corey and i started preparing a seedbed for a garden. It is directly off the patio and will be a step or two lower. Not sure how to protect the seeds and plants from the rabbits, but we will have to figure...

WS12 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 25 to Sunday, May 31, 2015: high 76, low 30
There are cute little rabbits running around Wingsprings these days. This photo from the archives–31 May 2009–shows a youngster hiding in a concrete block and her/his mother keeping a close watch on things through a half-closed...

WS12 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 18 to Sunday, May 24, 2015: high 62, low 24
This week a group of faculty and students from Black Hill State University spent a few days inventorying the botany of Wingsprings. In Grace’s terminology, they were “botanizing.” It was great to have them studying the...

WS12 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 11 to Sunday, May 17, 2015: high 74, low 31
This Sunday morning began with heavy rain showers that tapered off by mid morning and were replaced by high winds that did a good job of drying the road by mid afternoon. In the photo above you can see a snapping turtle...

WS12 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 4 to Sunday, May 10, 2015: high 71, low 30
Friday mid afternoon. The mallard male chasing the hen. Spring time. Some things always remain the same. Incubation period of their eggs is 26 to 30 days, so lets see if we see ducklings in the ponds early next month.

WS12 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 27 to Sunday, May 3, 2015: high 82, low 34
Friday evening dinner table set for the Teach For America workshop participants who were in residence overnight for a end of year retreat. We enjoyed a fine meal outdoors and then the following afternoon soon after the last...

WS12 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 20 to Sunday, Apr 26, 2015: high 75, low 24
Friday late afternoon this doe apparently was paying close attention to Wingsprings. Perhaps there was some commotion up at the facilities that caused her to raise her head and extend her ears. Typically just before 5...

WS12 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 13 to Sunday, Apr 19, 2015: high 77, low 18
A great blue heron showing off its catch to the trail camera. Looks like the meal was a mouse. This image was captured Sunday afternoon, but i’m bending the rules slightly in order to include it in this week’s oko. Online...

WS12 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 6 to Sunday, Apr 12, 2015: high 77, low 18
Just before sunset i walked to the east ridge to take a picture from along the Wingsprings west-east axis of the house with the Butte in the background. Also, i wanted to see how close to the Butte the sun would set. Yesterday...

WS12 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Mar 30 to Sunday, Apr 5, 2015: high 79, low 11
Sunday sunrise and moonset. The pre-sunrise image above highlights the cairn against the eastern horizon. Below is that cairn, and looking west, you can see the moon near the horizon at the left-center of the image. It looked...

WS12 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 23 to Sunday, Mar 29, 2015: high 82, low 17
Saturday’s early evening golden light illuminates one of the chalky banks along the ridge east of the house. The banks are pocked with holes such as on the right side of the image above. Some are obviously used by rabbits....

WS12 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 16 to Sunday, Mar 22, 2015: high 76, low 22
Corey finished installing tongue and groove boards onto the ceiling between the library and the house. In the photo above he is cyphering how to build the hatch door (which he is putting into place in the photo below) that provides...

WS12 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 9 to Sunday, Mar 15, 2015: high 82, low 20
Returning from the gate on this early Thursday morning as the sun is just rising, illuminating the far distant ridge, including Bear In The Lodge Butte. Closer, just beyond the turn in the foreground road, is the cairn on its...

WS12 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 2 to Sunday, Mar 8, 2015: high 61, low -10
A dozen undergraduate students from Vanderbilt University visited Wingsprings late Monday morning. They are on spring break and doing volunteer work in the Pine Ridge Reservation.

WS12 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 23 to Sunday, Mar 1, 2015: high 53, low -8
Happy new [Wingsprings] year! This is the start of the seventh year of these oko iyawapis. Three hundred and thirteen weeks ago this series began on March 1, 2009. That first entry, Oko 1, 2009, explains why this is the beginning...

WS11 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 16 to Sunday, Feb 22, 2015: high 57, low -1
This week too we reach into the archives for a couple images. In this case, they are from 2011, February 21st. There had been a storm a few days earlier so the land was blanketed with snow. The late afternoon...

WS11 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 9 to Sunday, Feb 15, 2015: high 68, low 18
Foggy photo from the archives: February 9, 2013. Two years ago this week. The viewpoint is from along the road, looking west toward the house which is just visible through the fog. Usually when its foggy...

WS11 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Feb 2 to Sunday, Feb 8, 2015: high 71, low 11
Corey (R) and Beau (L) conditioned 8” tongue & groove boards, stained them, cut them and installed them on Tuesday as the ceiling in the library’s east entry. In the photo above, they have just nailed up the fifth of...

WS11 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 26 to Sunday, Feb 1, 2015: high 67, low 1
Tuesday morning we enjoyed our mid-morning break on the “lower deck,” basking in unseasonably warm temperature, clear sky and just a slight breeze. This summer there will be stairs leading up to the deck....

WS11 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 19 to Sunday, Jan 25, 2015: high 51, low 5
Toward the end of this week, Corey built the frame for a hidden door, then we installed it in the northeast corner of the library. In the photo above, he is about half way through the process of nailing...

WS11 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 12 to Sunday, Jan 18, 2015: high 46, low -2
Saturday afternoon walking in the sanctuary, looking northeast toward the house. Lots of snow. Pleasant low 40s temperature with clear sky, though the breeze was a little biting, especially in the shadow...

WS11 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 5 to Sunday, Jan 11, 2015: high 41, low -11
A view past the new patio wall and bench west-southwest across the southern springs toward the Monday afternoon winter cloud-filled sky.

WS11 Oko 45 2015

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 29, 2014 to Sunday, Jan 4, 2015: high 38, low -20
Saturday early morning before sunrise, this coyote was caught by the camera down near the wicoti. He looks healthy. Subsequent pictures indicate that he did not get the rabbit whose snow burrow the...

WS11 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 22 to Sunday, Dec 28, 2014: high 44, low -4
One good thing about the fresh snow this week is it is convenient for tracking–rabbits in this case. Yesterday afternoon followed some tracks from the house down the hill to the wicoti and beyond to the fence...

WS11 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 15 to Sunday, Dec 21, 2014: high 50, low 6
A jet’s contrail heading toward Saturday’s setting sun.

WS11 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 8 to Sunday, Dec 14, 2014: high 68, low 15
We took advantage of the unseasonably warm weather to complete a lingering outdoor construction project. The two corners of the short upper wall of the library/garage roof were never cut and installed. So Corey...

WS11 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Dec 1 to Sunday, Dec 7, 2014: high 60, low 0
Abe and Corey beside the cairn after the three of us picked rocks from the newly graveled “driveway” and stacked them atop it. The cairn is on the Wingsprings west-east axis, and not too far from the road that...

WS11 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 24 to Sunday, Nov 30, 2014: high 67, low -11
Clear cold day. Yesterday afternoon it was in the 60s, then suddenly dropped almost 30 degrees in an hour. Over a 12 hour period the temperature plunged to lower single digits overnight. The high today was 12 degrees....

WS11 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 17 to Sunday, Nov 23, 2014: high 54, low -11
Thursday morning was foggy and a frosty coat clung to blades of grass like tiny white spikes. The coyote tracks (left above) were fresher than the rabbit ones (right above). And whereas the rabbits...

WS11 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 10 to Sunday, Nov 16, 2014: high 40, low -18
Early Monday morning the unseasonably warm temperatures we’ve enjoyed lately plummeted and this week the temperature has been unseasonably cold. The low Thursday night was 18 degrees below zero! Friday...

WS11 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 3 to Sunday, Nov 9, 2014: high 65, low 22
Sunny, warm and just a slight breeze on Thursday afternoon, so hauled the ladder up onto the roof of the house and climbed up it to get onto the roof of the cockpit. The small flat surface–trapezoidal in...

WS11 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 27 to Sunday, Nov 2, 2014: high 67, low 17
Charlotte, Patty and Mom (r-l) visited Monday afternoon. They drove from Rapid City in the morning and returned there after this pic. Corey and Abe (not pictured) welcomed them to Wingsprings.

WS11 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 20 to Sunday, Oct 26, 2014: high 80, low 23
Yesterday was the third and final class meeting of the Oceti Sakowin Origins and Development course for TFA teachers. Holding their certificates of completion, from right to left, are Lindsey, Amy, Danielle,...

WS11 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 13 to Sunday, Oct 19, 2014: high 85, low 24
Cousin Glenn surveying the upper end of the west strut of the roof frame that he built. Its pretty neat. The roof is trapezoidal in shape. Its slope is such that its top surface planes exactly with the hocokab....

WS11 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 6 to Sunday, Oct 12, 2014: high 75, low 31
Fascinating week with regard to celestial events. Early Wednesday morning was a full moon. The picture above is of the full moon just before it set near the Butte. The two to three hours preceding the image...

WS11 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 29 to Sunday, Oct 5, 2014: high 69, low 26
A beautiful sunrise yesterday morning about twenty minutes to seven. In the left-foreground is a soapweed that was here prior to Kent and me beginning construction of Wingsprings over 10 years ago. For the...

WS11 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 22 to Sunday, Sep 28, 2014: high 91, low 41
See the fog hovering in the upper reaches of the draws first thing Monday morning? Fog is such an evocative substance. Also note the color of the trees, particularly those along the left side of the image....

WS11 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 15 to Sunday, Sep 21, 2014: high 90, low 28
See the fog hovering in the upper reaches of the draws first thing Monday morning? Fog is such an evocative substance. Also note the color of the trees, particularly those along the left side of the image. Now compare...

WS11 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 8 to Sunday, Sep 14, 2014: high 88, low 35
Tuesday 38 students and faculty from South Dakota State University’s Consumer Sciences department arrived after lunch and stayed until just before sundown. Angie, one of the instructors, is sharing woyaksape...

WS11 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Sep 1 to Sunday, Sep 7, 2014: high 96, low 38
Tuesday 38 students and faculty from South Dakota State University’s Consumer Sciences department arrived after lunch and stayed until just before sundown. Angie, one of the instructors, is sharing woyaksape...

WS11 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 25 to Sunday, Aug 31, 2014: high 89, low 46
From Winnipeg, Greg, Tegwen, Bronwyn and Jennifer (r-l, bookended by Corey and Abe) arrived after dark in the rain Wednesday night. In a small, low-to-the-ground car. And they did not get stuck! Very good...

WS11 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 18 to Sunday, Aug 24, 2014: high 93, low 53
Tuesday evening a series of thunderstorms moved from the west to the south and on to the east. Constant lightening, much of it “sheet” lightening in which portions of the clouds light up but no lightening...

WS11 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 11 to Sunday, Aug 17, 2014: high 94, low 49
Thursday night a wind and rain storm blew through, knocking over two of the sets of tipi poles in the wicoti, and causing huge amounts of water to run down the draws and gullies, and through the springs....

WS11 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 4 to Sunday, Aug 10, 2014: high 94, low 51
Thursday night a wind and rain storm blew through, knocking over two of the sets of tipi poles in the wicoti, and causing huge amounts of water to run down the draws and gullies, and through the springs. In...

WS11 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 28 to Sunday, Aug 3, 2014: high 91, low 46
Here’s a photo from the archives (July 28, 2012) of a toad emerging from the earth in the hocoka near the south wall of the library. It had been a hot and dry summer, yet there the sleepy-eyed toad was nonchalantly...

WS11 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 21 to Sunday, Jul 27, 2014: high 99, low 53
This afternoon’s view from the southwest of the main facilities here at Wingsprings. Natural flowers in the foreground. Vine Deloria, Sr said that wild flowers are natural flowers; that wild fires are natural...

WS11 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 14 to Sunday, Jul 20, 2014: high 95, low 43
Here’s a photo from the archives: 18 July 2013. Its of Corey and Luis (r-l) during a much deserved water break. That afternoon was really hot and they were staining boards on the ground in the hocoka. They...

WS11 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 7 to Sunday, Jul 13, 2014: high 90, low 46
Corey and Abe are tying up the cover of the west tipi in the wicoti. The tipi’s liner is unfolded on the floor of the platform beyond the butt end of the lift pole. It was drying out. The cover had been tied to the...

WS11 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jun 30 to Sunday, Jul 6, 2014: high 96, low 41
Doctoral students in education from Bellarmine University have been in residence since Saturday of last week, and will be departing Tuesday. What a great group! They have survived a number of encounters with the curious...

WS11 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 23 to Sunday, Jun 29, 2014: high 89, low 47
This is the same week as last year (Oko 18) that the Tipi Sisters visited Wingsprings. This year the sisterhood number reached six; four of the originals, plus two new ones, including Fee’s granddaughter, who represents...

WS11 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 16 to Sunday, Jun 22, 2014: high 88, low 50
This morning we wished Kayla safe travels on her return to Rapid City. It was just over a year ago that she–along with family and friends–was here (see Oko 13, 2013). Guests this weekend included Ruth, Phyllis, Kayla,...

WS11 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 9 to Sunday, Jun 15, 2014: high 83, low 38
Lunch time in the library! Corey and Abe set up the library to accommodate 50 participants in the “Classroom on Wheels” seminar that CAIRNS conducted this week. The 5-day seminar began and ended each day in Rapid City. On...

WS11 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 2 to Sunday, Jun 8, 2014: high 79, low 43
A painted turtle came up from the springs Thursday afternoon. Perhaps to lay her eggs? If so, she didn’t do so while we watched. And speaking of watching, in the window you can see Abe. Though the photo may suggest otherwise,...

WS11 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 26 to Sunday, Jun 1, 2014: high 91, low 49
Corey and i encountered this “injured” killdeer in the wicoti Friday morning when we were mowing. She was gallantly faking being unable to fly, flapping her wings against the ground, squawking as if injured, and employing...

WS11 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 19 to Sunday, May 25, 2014: high 78, low 48
Tuesday late afternoon students and faculty from College of DuPage graced Wingsprings with their presence for a few hours. Abe and Corey prepared the meal, then Corey cooked the burgers and brats. We all had a good time....

WS11 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 12 to Sunday, May 18, 2014: high 76, low 21
This week students from South Dakota State University’s Honors College spent parts of four days at Wingsprings, along with the Honors College Dean. They were great. Right to left: Mara, Luke, Jordan, Morgan, Allyson, Tim,...

WS11 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 5 to Sunday, May 11, 2014: high 74, low 21
A very late spring snow storm blew in Wednesday night and Thursday morning. Abe left his vehicle up on the ridge above Wingsprings (barely visible in the middle of the picture above, far in the background). The slushy icy...

WS11 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 28 to Sunday, May 4, 2014: high 74, low 28
Students and faculty from the Department of Architecture at South Dakota State University spent the weekend here at Wingsprings. Saturday afternoon they walked all the trails–and even off the trails, as in the photo above....

WS11 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 21 to Sunday, Apr 27, 2014: high 80, low 30
Friday morning Corey and i installed the columns in the library. The columns consist of a 1×8 “face” board and a pair of 2×10 “flange” boards on either side and perpendicular to the 1×8. In the pic above, you can see...

WS11 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 14 to Sunday, Apr 20, 2014: high 80, low 15
Saturday afternoon was warm and sunny with a slight breeze. Along the springs near the north fence of the sanctuary, the steep bank blocked the breeze. It was quiet. So quiet, in fact, that as i stood still, i thought i...

WS11 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 7 to Sunday, Apr 13, 2014: high 78, low 20
This weekend Wingsprings hosted a three-day workshop for Teach For America. Five-sixths of the participants are in the photo: Dan, Julie, Abby, Brock and Reggie (r-l). Kearsten arrived a little later. Abe and Mabel cooked...

WS11 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Mar 31 to Sunday, Apr 6, 2014: high 64, low -1
Saturday late morning these three does stopped and posed for a portrait. Other than the middle one, their coats look a little rough, but probably because they are shedding their winter ones. It is interesting to compare their...

WS11 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 24 to Sunday, Mar 30, 2014: high 75, low 8
Thursday we welcomed 13 students from Stanford University for lunch and a couple hours of conversation and work. They are a good group. From right to left in the first pane–Olivia, Tiarra, Kim, Abe, and Carly; in the middle...

WS11 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 17 to Sunday, Mar 23, 2014: high 67, low 7
From the archives: two years ago today, Sunday the 23rd of March. This is the Turtle Pond, with the cockpit of the house just visible above the horizon. In the forewater is a turtle shell floating upside down. Surrounding the...

WS11 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 10 to Sunday, Mar 16, 2014: high 69, low 22
This weekend Wingsprings hosted its first cold-season workshop. It was for Teach For America. A good group of dedicated individuals were in residence from Friday evening to Sunday afternoon: Olivia, Abe, Anna, Christopher,...

WS11 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 3 to Sunday, Mar 9, 2014: high 65, low 4
Friday the 7th was our first official “Formal Friday” at Wingsprings. The intent is that it will be a weekly practice; that everyone who in on the Wingsprings premises on a Friday will have the opportunity to don a sport coat...

WS11 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 24 to Sunday, Mar 2, 2014: high 36, low -11
Happy New Year! Friday was supposedly the Wingsprings winter sunrise day. But travel kept me from being able to take a picture that sunrise morning. The image above was taken on Thursday morning and appears to indicate that...

WS10 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 17 to Sunday, Feb 23, 2014: high 56, low 17
This week Corey and Nick installed engineered flooring in the three cabins. Their major challenge was to cut the 53’ arc out of the first pair of boards in such a way that the straight uncut edge of those...

WS10 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 10 to Sunday, Feb 16, 2014: high 63, low -6
This papered wall is the end wall of the mechanical room. It was a stuccoed exterior wall up until the library/garage addition was constructed, at which time it became an interior wall. Likewise, the painted...

WS10 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan 
Monday, Feb 3 to Sunday, Feb 9, 2014: high 28, low -21
Following the latest snowfall earlier today, it was easy to see the tracks of others besides myself here in the Wingsprings reserve. Rabbit tracks, of course, were everywhere around the facilities. A coyote also had...

WS10 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 27 to Sunday, Feb 2, 2014: high 52, low -9
Early Monday morning (1:27am) a trail camera caught these two raccoons heading west to points unknown. This camera has captured images of raccoons, porcupines, and a badger (see Oko 39, 2013). Yet for...

WS10 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 20 to Sunday, Jan 26, 2014: high 54, low -8
He-Myong and Brandie visited on a chilly and windy Thursday. He from NYC, she from the west side of the reservation.

WS10 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 13 to Sunday, Jan 19, 2014: high 56, low 11
Wednesday morning visitors were Bonnie, Ren, and Courtney (r-l). They came all the way from Montana, Maine, and California. It was windy and chilly outside, but they warmed Wingsprings with their presence....

WS10 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 6 to Sunday, Jan 12, 2014: high 49, low -16
Saturday was spent with members of Native American Advocacy Program, which is located near Herrick, SD. Good group of young–and slightly older–women and men. Members are Gabrielle, Mackenzie (in cradle), Tara,...

WS10 Oko 45 2014

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 30, 2013 to Sunday, Jan 5, 2014: high 47, low -15
Down by the turtle pond, on Saturday, found another shell. Strange. Pretty sure the turtle didn’t perished recently, but on the other hand, just the top of the shell was frozen down, suggesting that...

WS10 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 23 to Sunday, Dec 29, 2013: high 49, low -9
Single digit temperature Saturday afternoon with high winds made the trek to the trail camera a chilling experience especially for southern California residents Sandie and Kent. They almost didn’t have enough...

WS10 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 16 to Sunday, Dec 22, 2013: high 52, low 1
Winter solstice late afternoon as a gaggle of geese line out southward. Seems they are a little late in flying toward warmer climes. This afternoon’s sunset is the northernmost point of the sun’s arc along...

WS10 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 9 to Sunday, Dec 15, 2013: high 45, low -11
This fine group of young men, Corey, Luis, Abe, and Dan (r-l) constitutes the Monday crew here at Wingsprings. They worked in the library all day installing T&G on the trusses and upper end walls. They started...

WS10 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Dec 2 to Sunday, Dec 8, 2013: high 53, low -28
By Wednesday afternoon this fall’s third snowstorm was on the ground. The wind was blowing and the temperature was falling seemingly as fast as the sun was setting. The daytime high reached only 11 degrees....

WS10 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 25 to Sunday, Dec 1, 2013: high 55, low 14
Beautiful sunset sky on the last day of November. The temperature reached into the low 50s for the second day in a row, and the forecast is similar for Sunday and Monday. Unseasonably pleasant. Terms for November in...

WS10 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 18 to Sunday, Nov 24, 2013: high 66, low -4
Wednesday morning early one of the trail cameras caught this image of a badger. The camera shoots color pictures during daylight hours, but uses infrared to shoot black and white images during darkness....

WS10 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 11 to Sunday, Nov 17, 2013: high 65, low 14
Looking through the windshield of the bobcat, over a bucket full of dirt, at Luis and Corey. Corey is fastening the new drain pipe extension that we just installed to two steel posts. Behind Luis is the...

WS10 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 4 to Sunday, Nov 10, 2013: high 57, low 4
Reached back into the archives to retrieve this photo of the house under construction eight years ago this week. Kent is cutting the rafters that extend from the fascia against which a ladder is leaned, to...

WS10 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 28 to Sunday, Nov 3, 2013: high 64, low 19
Sunset photo taken six years ago this week, October 28th. Jutting up from the skyline on the right side is the Butte which is about two and a half miles west northwest. In the middle of the picture is the...

WS10 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 21 to Sunday, Oct 27, 2013: high 70, low 27
Weather-wise today was one of those days best summed up with the phrase, “its a good day to be alive.” The temperature reached 70 degrees, the high for this week. There were no clouds, and just a hint of...

WS10 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 14 to Sunday, Oct 20, 2013: high 61, low 23
Three years ago this week we were setting fence posts to establish the boundary of the Wingsprings reserve. The 64-acre reserve encompasses a nearly half-mile long series of natural springs, along with the...

WS10 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 7 to Sunday, Oct 13, 2013: high 65, low 25
Saturday morning just after sunrise. The arrow-shaped shadow from the cockpit is pointing north of the Butte, suggesting that the Wingsprings sunrise day was Friday the 11th. The snow is what remains from...

WS10 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 30 to Sunday, Oct 6, 2013: high 86, low 18
Two years ago this week we were sheathing the roof of the new addition. Travis is sitting on the first sheet of OSB on the southeast corner of the garage roof. Behind him you can see the 2×8 purlins spanning...

WS10 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 23 to Sunday, Sep 29, 2013: high 84, low 33
A spider web of some sort? Fascinating design: the fairly dense web is anchored at countless ground-level points with a single hole penetrating through it. The hole is like a culvert connecting to a hole...

WS10 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 16 to Sunday, Sep 22, 2013: high 94, low 29
Saturday afternoon Dean and cousin Glenn stopped by to visit. They drove their Teryx 4. Dean’s protective matte-black helmet and reflective goggles are almost scary in their other-worldly appearance.

WS10 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 9 to Sunday, Sep 15, 2013: high 85, low 46
Thursday evening and Friday morning Troy and his crew delivered six semi loads of pit-run gravel that they graded to an approximate four to six inch depth. This is the first gravel on the road, and it...

WS10 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Sep 2 to Sunday, Sep 8, 2013: high 99, low 56
This week began with Cory and Luis staining the 2×8 tongue & groove pine boards. The first step is to apply a coat of conditioner, then the initial coat of stain–colonial maple in this case. Finally, a second...

WS10 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 26 to Sunday, Sep 1, 2013: high 100, low 55
The temperature hit triple digits on Wednesday afternoon. That morning Luis power washed the cockpit walls which were in dire need of a deep cleaning. All of the dirt and most of the old stain was washed...

WS10 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 19 to Sunday, Aug 25, 2013: high 97, low 51
A fun group of visitors from Washington, DC by way of Mission, SD visited Friday for a few hours. From right to left: Pete, Emily, Robin, Kelly, Rebecca, Steve, Sarah, and Jill.

WS10 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 12 to Sunday, Aug 18, 2013: high 89, low 51
Dan (in the background), Corey, Luis and i started sheathing the north wall of the garage on Friday. We are using 7/16” OSB. It takes parts of four 4’ x 8’ sheets per bay. The two bays above are the eastern...

WS10 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 5 to Sunday, Aug 11, 2013: high 89, low 52
Eight years ago Thursday night we installed the two main trusses that span the house and support the cockpit and roofs. Cousin Glenn operated the boom truck, Kent was atop the walls to fasten the trusses into...

WS10 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 29 to Sunday, Aug 4, 2013: high 93, low 58
Six years ago Tuesday we were busy installing the two parallel curved headers from the south porch to the bathhouse. These headers support the roof trusses, which once in place, connected the bathhouse to...

WS10 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 22 to Sunday, Jul 28, 2013: high 89, low 51
Friday afternoon’s light felt like right out of a painting. This picture is looking toward the north from just inside the gate at the gravel road (226th Avenue). The barbed wire fence is the eastern boundary...

WS10 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 15 to Sunday, Jul 21, 2013: high 98, low 57
Enjoyed a good visit today with Kel and Sherri from Iowa. They stopped by on their way to Cheyenne Frontier Days.

WS10 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 8 to Sunday, Jul 14, 2013: high 98, low 55
Bellarmine University students were in residence from July 1 until their departure this Wednesday. This picture was taken just before they left. Good group. From right to left: Seth, Heather, Patrick, Nona, and Natalie....

WS10 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jul 1 to Sunday, Jul 7, 2013: high 92, low 55
Luis and Corey prepared the wicoti and then we set up a tipi and both wall tents. We intended to set up all four tipis, but the canvas covers of the first three tore in the process. One tear was small enough that we...

WS10 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 24 to Sunday, Jun 30, 2013: high 94, low 49
Four of the seven Tipi Sisters (r-l: Mom, Ann, Phyllis, and Fee) convened here for a few days this week, marking their fourth annual retreat. They are fascinating and talented individuals.

WS10 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 17 to Sunday, Jun 23, 2013: high 85, low 48
This painted turtle crawled up toward the house Saturday evening. She pulled her legs into her shell whenever we walked nearby, but she didn’t turn around and leave. Instead, she seemed focused on reaching the house,...

WS10 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 10 to Sunday, Jun 16, 2013: high 87, low 46
Saturday morning this deer was munching on leaves of the big tree by the north fence. In the bottom right corner of the image is a portion of the pile of brush and branches that Corey and Luis stacked in preparation for...

WS10 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 3 to Sunday, Jun 9, 2013: high 82, low 35
Thursday afternoon a good group of friends crossed paths here at Wingsprings for a couple hours. From right to left: Peri, Ann, Abe, Janet, Antoine, and Paul. In the background you can see the greenness. This spring we have...

WS10 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 27 to Sunday, Jun 2, 2013: high 78, low 37
There seems to be a good crop of mushrooms this spring. They are everywhere. They even burst through the packed road surface, as seen above. In the center of the picture a ‘shroom is almost fully erupted. Beside it to the...

WS10 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 20 to Sunday, May 26, 2013: high 82, low 43
Foggy Sunday morning. Enjoyed the company of eight overnight guests from New York, Colorado, South Dakota, Minnesota and California. Seven of them were still around mid-morning for this photo (r-l): Louis, Rachel, Michael,...

WS10 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 13 to Sunday, May 19, 2013: high 70, low 40
Cousin John and I flew over Wingsprings Friday morning to take some pictures. The one above shows the relationship between the house and the wicoti, or camp, in the south draw. From right to left, the “house” consists of...

WS10 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 6 to Sunday, May 12, 2013: high 75, low 26
It took parts of Wednesday and Thursday, but we did get a hydrant installed along the southern perimeter of the hocoka. Lynda, Bobbie and Corey (r-l) contributed to the successful installation. As you can see, the hydrant...

WS10 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 29 to Sunday, May 5, 2013: high 76, low 18
Corey worked all day harrowing the “ditches” on both sides of the grade from Wingsprings to the east gate. He used the new side-by-side to pull the harrow. It was an old harrow when as a young kid i watched Dad use it to...

WS10 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 22 to Sunday, Apr 28, 2013: high 78, low 12
Saturday afternoon after retrieving the disk from the south Trail Camera, i smelled death on a gentle breeze from the north-northwest. The scent led to this dead snapping turtle beside the pond where so many other turtles...

WS10 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 15 to Sunday, Apr 21, 2013: high 59, low 18
Apparently one of these deer triggered the Trail Camera Tuesday afternoon at 3:26. The camera recorded that the temperature was 51 degrees at that moment. Another spring storm Sunday and Monday left a fresh 6-8 inches of...

WS10 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 8 to Sunday, Apr 14, 2013: high 52, low 10
Monday night a spring storm blew in, and by Wednesday morning it had deposited around 2 feet of snow. The peaks of this drift were around 5 feet high. Radio reports suggest that the snowfall resulted in about an inch of moisture....

WS10 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Apr 1 to Sunday, Apr 7, 2013: high 78, low 22
Tuesday afternoon i pulled a lot of empty turtle shells from one of the ponds. The large one on the right above belonged to a snapping turtle.
Thursday afternoon i went back to that pond and saw a snapping turtle near the...

WS10 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 25 to Sunday, Mar 31, 2013: high 71, low 5
This action photo was captured by one of the Trail Cameras last year, March 27, 2012. Interestingly, i believe that one of this buck’s antlers was shed in a draw toward the north side of the Wingsprings reserve. It is still...

WS10 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 18 to Sunday, Mar 24, 2013: high 43, low 6
This week was the vernal equinox, but i was away on travel Typically on equinoxes and solstices i climb atop the cockpit roof and take 360 degree panorama pictures. To do so, i have to carry a ladder onto the house roof, and...

WS10 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 11 to Sunday, Mar 17, 2013: high 73, low 19
Saturday afternoon we received a light cover of snow that accentuated the fence line between the Wingsprings “reserve” and the grazing pasture beyond. The reserve has not been grazed in 27 months, so the covering plants are...

WS10 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 4 to Sunday, Mar 10, 2013: high 65, low 7
Tuesday we enjoyed a noontime visit with Julia and Rochelle (r-l). They are with U.S. Senator Tim Johnson’s office in Rapid City. Rochelle is Tribal Liaison/Staff Assistant and Julia is an intern.

WS10 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 25 to Sunday, Mar 3, 2013: high 62, low 13
Sunday afternoon the ice is completely off some of the ponds, but entirely covers others. Here between ponds the receding ice is inches above the water level. Its openings are like Rorschach cut-outs. The new Wingsprings year...

WS9 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 18 to Sunday, Feb 24, 2013: high 49, low 3
Monday afternoon Ashley waits impatiently for me to take this picture. The wind is blowing and the temperature is chilly. Her’s is another picture in an ongoing project of capturing images of Wingsprings...

WS9 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 11 to Sunday, Feb 17, 2013: high 55, low 11
The ground was blanketed in snow five years ago Valentine’s evening, so Emile and i burned wood debris that we had gathered into “slash” piles during the fall and early winter. It was fascinating to watch...

WS9 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Feb 4 to Sunday, Feb 10, 2013: high 54, low 14
Cousins Tim, Dean and Glenn (r-l) took me 4-wheeling over to Bear Creek on Friday afternoon. The weather was pleasantly warm for a second day in a row, but the forecast was for a winter blizzard to blow in Saturday...

WS9 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 28, to Sunday, Feb 3, 2013: high 44, low 2
This archived photo from January 30, 2011 was taken on a overcast wintry day. Frost covered grasses with a small herd of deer trotting northeastward, Wingsprings in the western background but the Butte...

WS9 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 21, to Sunday, Jan 27, 2013: high 52, low 4
Monday morning Aaron delivered LP gas. Bob’s Gas, the local LP delivery company that Aaron works for, swings into Wingsprings whenever making deliveries in the area if they think the tank level is running...

WS9 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 14, to Sunday, Jan 20, 2013: high 45, low -18
It is quite possible that this mastincala (rabbit) lived here at Wingsprings before we started construction on the facilities. This portrait was snapped on January 19, 2008, five years ago this week. I...

WS9 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 7, to Sunday, Jan 13, 2013: high 50, low -9
Mid Monday morning the north trail cam caught this buck and a herd of companions moving northwestward toward Bear Creek.

WS9 Oko 45 2013

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 31, 2012 to Sunday, Jan 6, 2013: high 42, low -7
Another archived photo, this one from January 6, 2008, of Wingsprings from the southwest. Notice the white headers for the roof trusses that would eventually connect the south porch on the left to the...

WS9 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 24 to Sunday, Dec 30 2012: high 27, low -17
An archived photo taken while we were building the roof of the cockpit on December 28, 2005. Dan is standing beside the roof ridge that is on the Wingsprings west-east axis. Striking a classic pose, he is pointing...

WS9 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 17 to Sunday, Dec 23 2012: high 52, low 4
Saturday was the day after the solstice. Glenn and Dean helped me haul dirt from along the road to a few places around the facilities. Here they are dumping a load of dirt on the spot where the camping trailer...

WS9 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 10 to Sunday, Dec 16 2012: high 49, low 3
This late afternoon photo of a gnarly tree was taken five years ago this week, December 15, 2007. The tree is up the draw south of the springs, not too far from the south fence of the reserve.

WS9 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Dec 3 to Sunday, Dec 9 2012: high 59, low 3
Started grading the hocoka Wednesday. The major goal is to contour the terrain so that moisture will run to the two main drains in the hocoka, one of which is in the foreground above. The other is in front of...

WS9 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 26 to Sunday, Dec 2 2012: high 65, low 7
Thursday mid-afternoon driving home, even in the far distance the bright red of this doe’s blood caught my eye. Stopped the car to get a better look, and noticed a coyote running away from it. The kill site is on the east...

WS9 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 19 to Sunday, Nov 25 2012: high 73, low 7
Cousin Glenn and his son Dean helped get the “Little A” started on Friday. The last time the tractor ran was probably seven years or more ago. Four years ago on Thanksgiving day 2008, i brought the Little...

WS9 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 12 to Sunday, Nov 18 2012: high 76, low 2
Another trail cam picture, this one from late Monday morning. By comparing the antlers in this picture with those in last weeks Oko, we can see that the two images are of two different bucks. The snow fell...

WS9 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 5 to Sunday, Nov 11 2012: high 68, low 10
This is an image from one of the trail cameras that were explained in Oko 44, 2011. From left to right along the bottom of the image, the camera records the temperature (30 degrees Fahrenheit), the date (November...

WS9 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 29 to Sunday, Nov 4 2012: high 71, low 21
The forecast was for warm temperatures early this week, and no moisture, so Tuesday morning i used the power washer in the foreground to clean off the dirt and old stain from the northeast wall of the bathroom....

WS9 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 22 to Sunday, Oct 28 2012: high 72, low 19
Wednesday afternoon it started snowing so i decided to tentatively lay out walking trails on the west side of the springs. North of the Frog Pond stumbled onto this skeleton of a infant raccoon that apparently...

WS9 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 15 to Sunday, Oct 21 2012: high 80, low 15
Beginning Tuesday evening and then continuing through Thursday, the wind blew extremely hard. It was relentless. It blew down the set of tipi poles in the left middle ground, and it blew down those poles that...

WS9 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 8 to Sunday, Oct 14 2012: high 73, low 17
Late this afternoon watched two muskrats playfully swimming in the Turtle Pond. Cousin Merle said that they are most likely responsible for the underwater “canals” that became visible this summer when the water...

WS9 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Oct 1 to Sunday, Oct 7 2012: high 86, low 13
Walked down along the springs today and discovered an interesting situation: apparently coyotes have established a bathroom in the crotch where a limb branches off from the trunk of the tree along the Turtle...

WS9 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 24 to Sunday, Sep 30 2012: high 84, low 34
Here is a picture from the archives: September 30th, 2005. Seven years ago. The walls of the cockpit are framed up, but none of the roof is on. Far in the background on the horizon, just above and to the right...

WS9 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 17 to Sunday, Sep 23 2012: high 82, low 30
Kenny, Harlan and Travis are finishing the fresh concrete along the south wall of the garage. In the background you can see the patio slab in front of the French doors that we also poured on Friday. This pour completes...

WS9 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 10 to Sunday, Sep 16 2012: high 99, low 34
Seven years ago today, Sunday the 16th of September, brother Kent was joisting the floor of the cockpit. The main power tools of his trade are hanging from the rim joists in the foreground: an air nailer...

WS9 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Sep 3 to Sunday, Sep 9 2012: high 95, low 39
A dozen interior design and apparel merchandising students and two of their faculty members from South Dakota State University visited Wingsprings on Thursday afternoon. From right to left, they are Jane,...

WS9 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 27 to Sunday, Sep 2 2012: high 108, low 56
The “tipi sisters” returned this week for their third annual workshop here at Wingsprings. Friday was Kate’s birthday, so we celebrated with cake and ice cream that morning before they departed. The sisters,...

WS9 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 20 to Sunday, Aug 26 2012: high 96, low 44
Thursday morning Kenny and his crew poured the five stair-stepped pads of concrete in front of the bathhouse doors. It was hot and windy, causing the concrete to set up fast. But Kenny and his crew–as always–did...

WS9 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 13 to Sunday, Aug 19 2012: high 96, low 40
Visitors this week were (r-l) Lou and Benjamin from North Carolina, and Harvey from Virginia. This was Lou & Benjamin’s first time at Wingsprings, whereas Harvey has been here often over the past seven years,...

WS9 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 6 to Sunday, Aug 12 2012: high 101, low 51
The Honors College at South Dakota State University sponsored a five-day seminar at Wingsprings titled Pine Ridge Immersion Experience. They arrived on Monday afternoon and headed back to Brookings on Friday...

WS9 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 30 to Sunday, Aug 5 2012: high 101, low 46
Amanda, Hannah, Lanice and Stephen, AmeriCorps members, spent this morning setting up the four tipis in the wicoti. They were great help. Its amazing that they volunteer on their days off to help organizations...

WS9 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 23 to Sunday, Jul 29, 2012: high 100, low 53
Dan is running a bead of caulk just below the top edge of a board of siding, which will seal against the next board when we nail it up. After five more boards, we turned our attention to installing the header...

WS9 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 16 to Sunday, Jul 22, 2012: high 107, low 62
Jean and Adel stopped by Tuesday for a couple hours en route from their home near Peterborough, Ontario to Rapid City and points south.  They are building their Canadian home, and are progressing at a far...

WS9 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 9 to Sunday, Jul 15, 2012: high 102, low 50
On the ridge road east of the house this morning a desiccated rattle snake, its tail still raised and its rattle fluttering in the hot dry wind. Apparently its central back was broken, perhaps by someone driving over...

WS9 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jul 2 to Sunday, Jul 8, 2012: high 102, low 60
This colorful native plant was in full bloom Saturday early afternoon, but just a few hours later the flowering petals were all dried up. Though only in bloom a short time, the plant excelled in its exuberance.

WS9 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 25 to Sunday, Jul 1, 2012: high 105, low 54
Friday morning group photo of participants in the second and final of this summer’s Approaches to Teaching Lakota Culture workshops. Sunwise beginning at the right front: Dan, Harvey, JoAnne, Jameson, Tracy, Deanna,...

WS9 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 18 to Sunday, Jun 24, 2012: high 97, low 39
Thursday afternoon field exercise: allotment. Summer intern Kayla is on the right, then the five participants in the first of this summer’s Approaches to Teaching Lakota Culture workshops–Lea Ann, Curt, Kristi, Laurie,...

WS9 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 11 to Sunday, Jun 17, 2012: high 97, low 41
Another photo from the archives. This one was taken on June 13, 2006. These are the first three tipis that were set up at Wingsprings. They are just east of the current wicoti.

WS9 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 4 to Sunday, Jun 10, 2012: high 95, low 53
Goldenish in color, these tiny spider eggs were discovered while dismantling the old “garage” on Friday. The eggs appear to have been in a silk cocoon fastened to the end of a 2×4 board. But when the cocoon was inadvertently...

WS9 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 28 to Sunday, Jun 3, 2012: high 90, low 34
This photo is from May 29, 2008. In it are the eleven Washington University students who were participants in the On Location: Pine Ridge, SD seminar that CAIRNS organized and hosted at Wingsprings that summer. Right to left,...

WS9 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 21 to Sunday, May 27, 2012: high 91, low 36
A damp and foggy Memorial Day weekend, brightened considerably by the fine crew above: Jean, Aimee, Jen, Hope, and Emily (r to l). They arrived Friday at noon and worked until Sunday morning. They also brought food and...

WS9 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 14 to Sunday, May 20, 2012: high 91, low 36
Sunday lunch here at Wingsprings with four ladies from Rapid City: cousin Cheryl, Rosemary, Mom, and Patty (r to l). Enjoyed their presence and of course their laughter and stories.

WS9 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 7 to Sunday, May 13, 2012: high 91, low 25
Happy Mother’s Day, Mom! From the beginning Mom has been here at Wingsprings, helping in every way imaginable to see the facilities come to fruition. These two pictures were taken June 17, 2004. Nearly 8 years ago, and just...

WS9 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 30 to Sunday, May 6, 2012: high 78, low 30
Kelly and Tammy Rundle, independent filmmakers and owners of Fourth Wall Films, visited on Tuesday afternoon. They are working on sequels to their 2007 documentary film, “Lost Nation: The Ioway.”

WS9 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 23 to Sunday, Apr 29, 2012: high 89, low 35
Created this stone circle Wednesday afternoon. The steel stake in its center sits directly atop the west-east Wingsprings axis. The circle is a short distance west of 226th Avenue and just north of the road from the 226th...

WS9 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 16 to Sunday, Apr 22, 2012: high 71, low 26
On the pallet are scraps of cement board that we use for soffit material. They are pretty heavy. But the high northwest winds this spring blew a few of the pieces off the stack and onto the ground. They laid there a number...

WS9 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 9 to Sunday, Apr 15, 2012: high 65, low 18
Four years ago this week, April 15, 2008, we started building the connecting roof between the bathhouse (its roof is on the left above) and the house (far to the right beyond the picture frame). There are 10 bays between the...

WS9 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Apr 2 to Sunday, Apr 8, 2012: high 73, low 22
Another photo from the archives: April 7, 2008. April showers bring wet rabbits to Wingsprings.

WS9 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 26 to Sunday, Apr 1, 2012: high 87, low 25
A couple photos from the archives: March 31, 2008. Though it is sunny and warm with no snow cover this year, four years ago it was perfect weather for burning brush: calm and chilly, with snow all around. During the preceding...

WS9 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 19 to Sunday, Mar 25, 2012: high 74, low 19
Two turtles–dead–right alongside the pond this Monday afternoon. One is a snapper, the other a painted turtle. This is the first time i’ve found a snapping turtle carapace. Its size and shape is unsettling. What happened to...

WS9 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 12 to Sunday, Mar 18, 2012: high 85, low 32
Here’s a picture from the archives: March 15, 2011. Looking up through tipi poles at a line of geese flying northward.

WS9 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 5 to Sunday, Mar 11, 2012: high 77, low 23
Tuesday afternoon the temperature reminded me of last year when by chance i caught the turtles stretching out from their hibernation (see Oko 3, 2011). And incredibly, Tuesday there was a snapper just visible under the ice layer....

WS9 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 27 to Sunday, Mar 4, 2012: high 45, low 7
This new Wingsprings year began Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday, but due to cloudy eastern skies all three mornings i could not verify which date was when the sun rose on the Wingsprings west-east axis. Wednesday morning did arrive...

WS8 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 20 to Sunday, Feb 26, 2012: high 50, low 16
A strong south wind on Saturday helped push the afternoon temperature up to 50 degrees. The day before there were heavy snow squalls all morning and into the afternoon, but the fresh snow withered away today...

WS8 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 13 to Sunday, Feb 19, 2012: high 51, low 11
This afternoon cousin Dean demonstrated his new compound bow that he received as a birthday gift earlier this week. The engineering and technological features of it are remarkable. The blue box took a lot...

WS8 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Feb 6 to Sunday, Feb 12, 2012: high 56, low -8
That is Dan hamming it up in this February 11, 2006 photo from the archive. He is hanging on one of the two steel reinforcing frames that cousin Glenn welded for the bay bed. The frames are lag-screwed horizontally...

WS8 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 30 to Sunday, Feb 5, 2012: high 56, low 20
Bleached pelvic bone of probably a bull. Pieces of the skeleton are scattered along this drainage ditch in the draw south of the plum bushes. After big rainstorms or spring runoffs, this entire bottom...

WS8 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 23 to Sunday, Jan 29, 2012: high 55, low 15
Monday afternoon Dan and i removed the two steel angle iron headers from above the garage doors and took them to town where cousin Glenn used a plasma cutter to narrow the width of the flange so that the...

WS8 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 16 to Sunday, Jan 22, 2012: high 45, low -6
This is just one of many fascinating patterns “etched” into the dead wood of a tree branch that apparently fell and is now leaning up against that tree’s trunk. The patterns are nearly symmetrical, but not...

WS8 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 9 to Sunday, Jan 15, 2012: high 59, low -1
Fresh spring water that is relatively warm has melted some of the ice off this pond. The direction of flow is from right to left, south to north. Today’s low 50s temperature made it feel like spring. Minnows...

WS8 Oko 45

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Jan 2 to Sunday, Jan 8, 2012: high 69, low 11
Moonrise over the wicoti on this unseasonably pleasant Thursday late afternoon. January 5th. This is the day that Mom takes down her decorations. Here at Wingsprings the gibbous moon begins to climb the sky...

WS8 Oko 44 2012

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 26, 2011 to Sunday, Jan 1 2012: high 52, low 8
That’s a game camera that Dan is strapping to a tree just on the other side of the springs. In the background you can see the house. The camera has an infrared motion detector, so whenever there is sufficient...

WS8 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 19 to Sunday, Dec 25 2011: high 47, low 2
Sunrise winter solstice shadow. This Thursday morning is the farthest south that the sun rises over the course of a year. And consequently, the cockpit’s shadow at dawn is cast onto its farthest north trajectory....

WS8 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 12 to Sunday, Dec 18 2011: high 61, low 5
This is one of three sites among the springs where water is collected and then tested in a Rapid City lab for suspended solids and E. coli. Wednesday morning i chopped through the ice to collect the two samples...

WS8 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Dec 5 to Sunday, Dec 11 2011: high 49, low -9
Besides there being a brisk wind, the high temperature on Thursday was 25 degrees, so Dan and i worked inside instead of outside. We installed the last cabinet in the space under the kitchen counter in the picture...

WS8 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 28 to Sunday, Dec 4 2011: high 57, low 4
Sunday was cold, windy and scattered snow flurries. We have been fortunate this year so far in that there hasn’t been much snow. What snow has fallen has melted right away. And though there have been a few cold days, the...

WS8 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 21 to Sunday, Nov 27 2011: high 71, low 11
Friday night the wind suddenly started howling out of the northwest at gusts up to 60 mph. It blew all night and continued until just before sundown on Saturday. Cousin Glenn came out to help protect...

WS8 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 14  to Sunday, Nov 20 2011: high 57, low 4
Monday sunset looking through the porch and patio bays. There are 40 bays around the perimeter of the hocoka; one of them is the patio whereas the porch occupies two of them. Twenty-eight of the 40 bays...

WS8 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 7  to Sunday, Nov 13 2011: high 61, low 10
The Veterans Day crew consisted of Bob, Berwyn and David (r-l). As can be seen in the background, we have been working on siding this week. The three gable ends (the two west-facing ones above, and the east-facing...

WS8 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 31  to Sunday, Nov 6, 2011: high 70, low 10
Five years ago this week, in 2006, we were busy learning how to stucco. We started on the west-facing wall of the mechanical room, then moved to the north and then the east-facing wall, shown in the photo...

WS8 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 24  to Sunday, Oct 30, 2011: high 68, low 12
Spectacular pre-dawn light show against the bottom of the clouds in these archived photos from October 27, 2009.

WS8 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 17  to Sunday, Oct 23, 2011: high 70, low 18
Berwyn (right) and David (left) sawing the panel for the library soffit. The late Saturday sun is shining through the patio and porch bays in the background and into the hocoka. We are putting in long days...

WS8 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 10  to Sunday, Oct 16, 2011: high 81, low 26
Wednesday afternoon after a day of roofing, the crew (r-l): Berwyn, David, Zak, Dan and JJ. Today we built the roof that connected the existing mechanical room (its roof  has the silver vent pipe rising...

WS8 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Oct 3  to Sunday, Oct 9, 2011: high 94, low 45
A photo from the archives: six years ago this Friday, October 7th, the house was a long ways from being completed. The horizontal ridge beam that extends westward from the cockpit and that is on the Wingsprings...

WS8 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 26  to Sunday, Oct 2, 2011: high 91, low 35
Berwyn is nailing on the purlin hangers while standing on the ground, a change we made from this past weekend when we nailed them on after the trusses were swung into place atop the walls. This way is a lot...

WS8 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 19  to Sunday, Sep 25, 2011: high 86, low 35
On Saturday we started the process of “swinging the trusses” onto the walls. Cousin Glenn operated the boom on the digger truck, while Berwyn and i nailed the trusses to the walls then added bracing to keep them in...

WS8 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 12  to Sunday, Sep 18, 2011: high 85, low 38
Laying on their sides are the seven 2-ply trusses that will span the garage and library addition to the north and east of the house. You can see the standing water and wet concrete in this midday Thursday...

WS8 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Sep 5  to Sunday, Sep 11, 2011: high 92, low 40
An engaging and inquisitive group of Interior Design students and faculty from South Dakota State University visited on Thursday afternoon. They had departed Brookings on Tuesday and were returning there...

WS8 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 29 to Sunday, Sep 4, 2011: high 98, low 35
Six years ago this week, on August 31, 2005, the house was a long way from being enclosed. The ground floor was framed up and sheathed, but the cockpit and roofs weren’t even begun. The two 3-ply trusses...

WS8 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 22 to Sunday, Aug 28, 2011: high 104, low 47
This Sunday evening the wicoti is in its wintertime status. In the pre-sunset calm i removed the tipi covers and liners, and left the two resident rabbits wondering what happened to their four shelters....

WS8 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 15 to Sunday, Aug 21, 2011: high 95, low 41
Thursday evening Mom and i enjoyed supper with seven guests here at Wingsprings: Emma, Lucy, Kiki, Dana & Jonathan from New York, and Bob and Lee from Chicago.  This was the first visit to Wingsprings for...

WS8 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 8 to Sunday, Aug 14, 2011: high 94, low 51
This week “the sisters” returned for their second Plains Experience workshop. Last August they graced Wingsprings with their presence, and before departing this week, they made tentative plans to return again...

WS8 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Aug 1 to Sunday, Aug 7, 2011: high 104, low 56
Three years ago, on August 3, 2008, the camping trailer that i lived in while building the house [in the background] was unhooked from electricity, LP gas, phone, septic and water service, and pulled to town...

WS8 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 25 to Sunday, Jul 31, 2011: high 102, low 61
Satement as of 8:06 PM MDT on July 27, 2011Severe Thunderstorm Warning
The National Weather Service in Rapid City has issued a
* Severe Thunderstorm Warning for…Bennett County in southwestern South...

WS8 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 18 to Sunday, Jul 24, 2011: high 105, low 56
Due to the triple digit temperature, Dan and i got started framing on the north walls of the garage/shop early this Tuesday morning. It was really hot working on the concrete slab–and there was just a hint...

WS8 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 11 to Sunday, Jul 17, 2011: high 104, low 56
On Tuesday the 12th Dan and i began to frame the walls of the library/meeting room. In the middle ground of the picture above you can see that we had already framed in the inner drum wall beneath the existing curved...

WS8 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jul 4 to Sunday, Jul 10, 2011: high 94, low 56
The day after Independence Day, Dan and i began removing everything from below the kitchen counter in preparation for installing new cabinets. The sink had to be removed as well, as is evident by the hole in the counter...

WS8 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 27 to Sunday, Jul 3, 2011: high 96, low 50
The month of June closes with the fourth workshop on Lakota Winter Counts and Star Knowledge. The participants, beginning lower right and moving sunwise, were Eric, K.D. [under her blue hat], Leksi Harvey, Susan, Megan...

WS8 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 20 to Sunday, Jun 26, 2011: high 83, low 48
The third Lakota Winter Counts and Star Knowledge workshop included participants Jordan, Jen, Amy and Rhonda [left to right, upper row]. Leksi Harvey’s smooth pate caught the attention of Rhonda, but did a good job of...

WS8 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 13 to Sunday, Jun 19, 2011: high 84, low 49
This week Wingsprings hosted the second of four teachers’ workshops on Lakota Winter Counts and Star Knowledge. The workshops are organized by CAIRNS and sponsored in part by the South Dakota Humanities Council. John, Scott,...

WS8 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 6 to Sunday, Jun 12, 2011: high 93, low 45
A fly-over by a crop-dusting spray plane, an activity that is expressly prohibited by the Federal Aviation Administration. These pictures were taken three years ago, June 10, 2008. But this year too a spray plane has flown...

WS8 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 30 to Sunday, Jun 5, 2011: high 88, low 39
Yep, that’s Brown heading back to 226th Avenue after delivering a brand new wall tent. It is amazing that UPS and FedEx deliver right to the Wingsprings door, and have been doing so for the past 6 years. The new graded road...

WS8 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 23 to Sunday, May 29, 2011: high 72, low 33
Seven ladies from Sioux Falls came to Wingsprings Friday evening with lots of delicious food to feed Mom and me and themselves, and generous hearts to help set up the four tipis and the wall tents on Saturday. Without their...

WS8 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 16 to Sunday, May 22, 2011: high 65, low 41
Mother and daughter visitors from Chicago this Saturday morning: Anne and Libby (r-l).

WS8 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 9 to Sunday, May 15, 2011: high 69, low 35
An amazing confrontation between rabbit and bull snake this Monday morning. Apparently there were some baby rabbits around, because the adult, supposedly a female, kept pestering the bull snake. She had the snake so mad...

WS8 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, May 2 to Sunday, May 8, 2011: high 86, low 28
This weekend Nick graded up a road from the house to the gravel road, a distance of just under a mile. It ended up being a bigger project than intended, but the result is a road that will improve access to Wingsprings for...

WS8 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 25 to Sunday, May 1, 2011: high 66, low 30
An archived picture from three years ago: May 29, 2008. Dave is painting the 2x boards for a tipi platform. In the background you can see the black papered wall of the bathhouse, and the roof trusses that connect the bathhouse...

WS8 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 18 to Sunday, Apr 24, 2011: high 62, low 23
Late this afternoon, these four horses, as well as the two in the background above the head of the paint, posed a conundrum: They were in the reserve pasture so i had to get them out, but i had to do so on foot. After a...

WS8 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 11 to Sunday, Apr 17, 2011: high 64, low 24
Monday was a beautiful spring day, made even more so by the visit of Aunt Marva, Uncle Ross, cousin Nancy, her daughter Stephanie, and Justin. They brought some of Uncle Ross’ birthday cake, which was delicious. Later, as...

WS8 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Apr 4 to Sunday, Apr 10, 2011: high 72, low 24
Two bright breasted meadowlarks singing their melodious song last year on the 3rd of April at 4:06 pm. Nine minutes later, the sky was rapidly darkening as clouds quickly moved in.

Eleven minutes later, at 4:26 pm,...

WS8 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 28 to Sunday, Apr 3, 2011: high 79, low 31
Thursday afternoon a few of these flowers caught my eye. Not sure yet what their name is. Their brilliant yellow color contrasts sharply with the still dormant state of the rest of the landscape. But they are so small that...

WS8 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 21 to Sunday, Mar 27, 2011: high 60, low 17
Four years ago today, Sunday, students from Grinnell College on their spring break spent a night at Wingsprings. That afternoon, they read the instruction booklet for setting up a tipi, and in three teams, they went about setting...

WS8 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 14 to Sunday, Mar 20, 2011: high 69, low 28
The low temperature during this week was the highest in twenty weeks. And Monday afternoon, in the deepest of the springs, the turtles apparently were shrugging off the effects of their hibernations. Two large snappers (one...

WS8 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 7 to Sunday, Mar 13, 2011: high 55, low -4
A small herd of deer attentive, yet interestingly not typically flighty, this Saturday afternoon, blending in with the browns and burnt siennas of the late winter grasses. This is the month of “half days,” when it can blow snow...

WS8 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 28 to Sunday, Mar 6, 2011: high 46, low -1
Deer and rabbits, and even porcupines [though none have been seen] are gnawing the bark of trees and bushes. This is the lean time of year when food is scarce. The four-leggeds are after the soft sappier layer between the bark...

WS7 Oko 53

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Yamni
Monday, Feb 21 to Sunday, Feb 27, 2011: high 46, low -5
Friday late afternoon and into the evening, burned dead branches and limbs down by the chokecherry trees. It was snowing and the temperature was right at zero degrees. Crackling hiss and low roar, wood smoke...

WS7 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 14 to Sunday, Feb 20, 2011: high 68, low -3
Sunny and windy this Wednesday afternoon, walking down the south draw from the apple trees toward the house. In the shelter of the draw, the mid 60s temperature felt even warmer. Near the apple trees, two...

WS7 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 7 to Sunday, Feb 13, 2011: high 56, low -11
Another bitter cold night last night. These two hawks frolicked and soared this warming Wednesday, and swooped low to the ground and immediately over the ridges of the house wing. Perhaps scouting for rabbits?...

WS7 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Jan 31 to Sunday, Feb 6, 2011: high 45, low -15
This Thursday afternoon the sun was shining and the temperature reached into the 30s. Last night the thermometer bottomed out at 15 degrees below zero. Noticed this tree in the draw south of the house. The bark on...

WS7 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 24 to Sunday, Jan 30, 2011: high 55, low 3
Hoary frost clinging to the east and south surfaces of, in this case, barbed wire and fence posts. Intermittent fog with a low soupy overcast this entire Sunday. The southeasterly wind apparently driving...

WS7 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 17 to Sunday, Jan 23, 2011: high 44, low -14
Here is a picture from the archives for this week three years ago: January 20, 2008. A lot of construction work has been done since then. For instance, the bathhouse roof at the left of the picture connects...

WS7 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 17 to Sunday, Jan 23, 2011: high 44, low -14
Rough ice in the deepest and largest of the spring-fed pools. It was warm enough on this late Friday afternoon that the fresh spring water from up the draw was slowly flowing on top of the ice. The picture...

WS7 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 3 to Sunday, Jan 9, 2011: high 44, low -6
Sunday sunset following a cold day. The pipe in the foreground, marked by the pinkish flag, marks the center of the hocoka. It is the point around which the entire Wingsprings facilities revolve. An axis from...

WS7 Oko 45 2011

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 27, 2010 to Sunday, Jan 2, 2011: high 52, low -3
New Year’s day arrived with sunshine and a light breeze, nice contrasts to the howling winds, below zero temperatures, and blowing blizzard snows of the previous two days. Last year went out like a lion;...

WS7 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 20 to Sunday, Dec 26, 2010: high 49, low 5
Two days after the winter solstice–and full lunar eclipse–a brief icy rain from the southwest blew in and coated the bay bed windows with a translucent sheen.

WS7 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 13 to Sunday, Dec 19, 2010: high 51, low 14
Three years ago this week there was a good cover of snow at Wingsprings, as can be seen in this picture. The central image is of the willow frame of an initi, or purification lodge. At its center is the fireplace...

WS7 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 6 to Sunday, Dec 12, 2010: high 54, low -3
In the draw northeast of the electric well is this disarticulated skeleton of a heifer that died quite a while ago. In the foreground is her upside down skull. Behind it a ways lies the bulk of her body’s bones....

WS7 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Nov 29 to Sunday, Dec 5, 2010: high 48, low 7
A rabbit continues to maintain access to the space under the background tipi platform above. She or he is apparently adamant about maintaing access via a hole on the opposite/southern side because countless...

WS7 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 22 to Sunday, Nov 28, 2010: high 56, low -4
Another image from deep in the archive: November 23rd, 2005. Kent is setting the hip rafters of the cockpit roof. From the peak of that roof to the concrete floor below is 24’-0”. And that point on the floor directly...

WS7 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 15 to Sunday, Nov 21, 2010: high 58, low -3
This image is from the archives: 2007 November 19. Emile is unknotting the tie-downs along the bottom edge of the tipi in preparation for removing the cover. In the background two of the other tipi...

WS7 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov81 to Sunday, Nov 14, 2010: high 78, low 22
In preparation for the quickly approaching winter and following spring, most of Monday was spent ditching and grading with the intent of controlling water runoff. These are temporary efforts, but must suffice...

WS7 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 1 to Sunday, Nov 7, 2010: high 80, low 24
Since the new 4-wire fence encompasses an area of approximately 64 acres, including the Wingsprings buildings, the wicoti [in the background above], and the natural springs, there is now an opportunity to...

WS7 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 25 to Sunday, Oct 31, 2010: high 74, low 32
Here is a picture from deep in the archives: October 28th, 2006, of Dan and Emile [R-L]. These two guys both have long and illustrious careers at Wingsprings. Dan was working for the plumber way back in June...

WS7 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 18 to Sunday, Oct 24, 2010: high 79, low 36
Looking down the draw toward the northwest on Monday afternoon. Taking a break from fencing. In the middle ground, right side, are four deer. Most of the leaves have blown off the trees, and the landscape...

WS7 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 11 to Sunday, Oct 17, 2010: high 82, low 36
Late afternoon shadows lengthening behind Dan as he sets posts just east of the wicoti. The new four-wire fence is nearly a mile long, encompassing the wicoti, the Wingsprings buildings, and the natural springs...

WS7 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 4 to Sunday, Oct 10, 2010: high 91, low 46
This fall’s concrete work drew to a close on Tuesday morning when we [above, R-L: Kent, Travis, Kenny, Harlan, and me] poured the second of the sloping buttresses abutting the north wall of the garage [the...

WS7 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 27 to Sunday, Oct 3, 2010: high 75, low 35
For the past three and a half weeks, Tom [left, above and below] has worked steadily on everything required to get the concrete poured for all of the projects: cabin veranda floor, patio, porch, library, and...

WS7 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 20 to Sunday, Sep 26, 2010: high 92, low 39
What a crew! Kent is running the “jumper” to compact the fill below what will be the porch floor, while Tom keeps his eyes on things and cousin Glenn oversees the entire operation. It was a sunny Sunday afternoon....

WS7 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 13 to Sunday, Sep 19, 2010: high 92, low 37
The foundation walls for the library were poured atop the footings on Monday morning. The library will connect the house [on the left above] to the garage [to be built on the right above]. The next day, Tuesday, Tom...

WS7 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 6 to Sunday, Sep 12, 2010: high 89, low 44
Friday morning the 10th the footings for both the library and the garage were poured. The footings are 16” wide and 8” deep, and have two continuous steel reinforcing bars in them. The cement truck was...

WS7 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Aug 30 to Sunday, Sep 5, 2010: high 94, low 49
This Wednesday morning I bolted “teeth” onto the leading edge of the bobcat bucket and began digging out the area where the concrete slab of the garage will be poured. The teeth make a tremendous difference...

WS7 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 23 to Sunday, Aug 29, 2010: high 103, low 55
Wednesday, cousin Jackie and I took down the tipis and tent in the wicoti. They will not be put back up until next spring or early summer. The first step is to remove the liners. Two of them are stretched...

WS7 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 16 to Sunday, Aug 22, 2010: high 105, low 51
A joyous if brief gathering here early this week. From right to left, Dicksy, Harvey, Mom, and Harvey. Dicksy & Harvey drove over from Marshall, MN their hometown, Mom came down from Rapid City, and Harvey...

WS7 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 9 to Sunday, Aug 15, 2010: high 102, low 55
Some people have watch dogs who guard their doorways, but here at Wingsprings there are rabbits. These rabbits, however, are not too protective. Still, it is comforting to know that they are around. In fact,...

WS7 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 2 to Sunday, Aug 8, 2010: high 96, low 58
CAIRNS hosted a special “Plains Experience” workshop for, from right to left,Phyllis, Jan, Fee, Ann, and Carol. They were a wonderful group. The workshop began on Thursday afternoon and ended after lunch on...

WS7 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 26 to Sunday, Aug 1, 2010: high 100, low 57
This is a burrowing owl, or rather, the carcass of one that was dead in the road to the gate. This summer there have been four of them who apparently live in the prairie dog town just south and west of the...

WS7 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 19 to Sunday, Jul 25, 2010: high 101, low 52
On a wonderfully warm Friday a naming ceremony, under the guidance of Jerry and Dennis, was hosted at the Wingsprings wicoti. This was the first time Wingsprings hosted such a ceremony. The individuals receiving...

WS7 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 12 to Sunday, Jul 18, 2010: high 101, low 52
Due in part to the above average amount of moisture we received this spring and summer, the pasture grasses and natural flowers are in very good shape. Cousin Merle, of course, does an excellent job of managing...

WS7 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 5 to Sunday, Jul 11, 2010: high 97, low 50
Wingsprings hosted the third and final Teachers’ workshop this week. The participants–Kristi, Joshua, Catherine, Mabel, Brian, and Marie [R-L] proved to be a rowdy conclusion to the summer workshop series. But one would...

WS7 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jun 28 to Sunday, Jul 4, 2010: high 102, low 53
This week Wingsprings hosted the second of the summer Teachers’ workshops. The participants were Kim, Susan, and Karen [R-L, standing], and Frank and Perry [R-L, front]. They were another great group. Friday afternoon,...

WS7 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 21 to Sunday, Jun 27, 2010: high 88, low 56
The first of this summer’s Teachers’ workshops began on the summer solstice. The workshops, titled Approaches to Teaching Lakota Culture, are sponsored in part by the South Dakota Humanities Council. Ann, Joe, Bruce,...

WS7 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 14 to Sunday, Jun 20, 2010: high 85, low 44
Six years ago this week Mom and I hold a rebar to indicate the approximate peak of the cockpit roof. The upright pipe immediately to the left of me and in the middle ground, and the rebar we are holding, and the Butte...

WS7 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 7 to Sunday, Jun 13, 2010: high 86, low 45
Five years ago Friday, Kent was laying out the drum walls through the house. I took this photo from the center of the hocoka where I also was holding the “dumb end” of the tape measure that he is using to swing the arcs....

WS7 Oko 15

WS7 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, May 31 to Sunday, Jun 6, 2010: high 82, low 46
Here are a few pictures from the archives. The one above of Emile and Dave mixing concrete to set the posts that support the connecting roof between the house and bathhouse was taken on June 6, 2007. The very end of the...

WS7 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 24 to Sunday, May 30, 2010: high 92, low 43
Wingsprings is far from being completed, yet Wednesday morning the stem wall through the south porch was demoed in preparation for a poured floor. The wall was the same height as the finish floor in the house, but it should...

WS7 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 17 to Sunday, May 23, 2010: high 90, low 41
Expertly camouflaged in the grass, a mother grouse sits on her nest, incubating her eggs. Looking closely, you can see her head toward the top of the photo, pointed away from the picture taker. When an intruder approaches,...

WS7 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 10 to Sunday, May 16, 2010: high 75, low 32
A bull or perhaps a yearling died a number of years ago and what remains are it’s bones, some of which are visible under the surface of the water. This Wednesday morning I awoke to inches of wet snow blanketing everything,...

WS7 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 3 to Sunday, May 9, 2010: high 72, low 28
Sunset Tuesday, its location far to the north–or to the right from this vantage point–of the Butte. The sunset location will continue moving northward away from the Butte until the summer solstice when it will pause and then...

WS7 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 26 to Sunday, May 2, 2010: high 78, low 29
It is May Day. No parade, pole, basket or queen here at Wingsprings. But is it merely a pleasant coincidence that some of the plum trees are in full bloom? This day is, in many cultures, seen as the beginning of summer and...

WS7 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 19 to Sunday, Apr 25, 2010: high 74, low 32
April showers, such as this driving rain on Wednesday, have brought a lot of moisture. And as the picture shows, the drainage situation needs to be improved so that the water will flow away from the house [which is behind...

WS7 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 12 to Sunday, Apr 18, 2010: high 79, low 29
Wednesday late afternoon i walked along the springs, listening to the frogs, red-winged blackbirds, meadowlarks, ducks, a couple of geese, and a few other unidentified sounds that could have been insects or birds. Saw a...

WS7 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 5 to Sunday, Apr 11, 2010: high 72, low 29
Today, Sunday the 11th of April, supposedly is one of the two Wingsprings sunset days. But as the photo illustrates, clouds in the western sky obscured the sunset. So we cannot ascertain if indeed the sun did set over the...

WS7 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Mar 29 to Sunday, Apr 4, 2010: high 81, low 30
Saturday was a day of quick changes in the weather. A sunny and breezy day was interrupted by an afternoon storm that brought driving rain and then hail that covered Wingsprings in white. Minutes later the storm blew over and...

WS7 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 22 to Sunday, Mar 28, 2010: high 71, low 27
Brother Kent and sister-in-law Sandie helped grout the bedroom tile floor that Dan and i had cut and stuck down in January [see Oko 49, 2010]. The staggered radiating row of tiles straddle the Wingsprings west-east axis. The...

WS7 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 15 to Sunday, Mar 21, 2010: high 70, low 18
Two images from the archives, both taken on the same day–March 20th–but two years apart. The image above was taken on March 20, 2007 whereas the one below was taken March 20, 2009. By comparing them, you can see some of the...

WS7 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 8 to Sunday, Mar 14, 2010: high 48, low 19
A dangerous spring blizzard blew in overnight so awoke early Thursday morning to howling winds and blowing snow. These blizzards are hazardous for humans, and also for livestock, especially cattle since this is calving time....

WS7 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 1 to Sunday, Mar 7, 2010: high 67, low 25
Though they are very difficult to see, there are two swans in the photo above. They are directly in line with the top of the tree in the center of the picture. Because they were flying so close together, it is impossible to discern...

WS7 Oko 1

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 22 to Sunday, Feb 28, 2010: high 49, low 4
Happy new [Wingsprings] year. This is the beginning of year two of this Wingsprings oko iyawapi. The Wingsprings year begins when the sun rises on axis with the house and Bear Creek Butte, the small pointed peak on the horizon...

WS6 Oko 52

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Nunpa
Monday, Feb 15 to Sunday, Feb 21, 2010: high 33, low -7
This first year of the Wingsprings oko iyawapi closes with a photo from last year–February 20, 2009–taken from the ridge east of the house. The major physical change to the Wingsprings facility over this...

WS6 Oko 51

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan ake Wanji
Monday, Feb 8 to Sunday, Feb 14, 2010: high 41, low -4
Here we can see a rabbit trail that runs from the house [which is behind the photographer] across the deep snowbank in the foreground past the inipi fire pit and on east to the gate and beyond. Today is Valentine’s...

WS6 Oko 50

Oko Wikcemna Zaptan
Monday, Feb 1 to Sunday, Feb 7, 2010: high 32, low -4
Sunrise on the 5th of February–2009. Another pic from the archives. Incredibly, could not find a picture taken during this week in 2005-2007. There are, however, a few landscape pics from 2008. The photo above was taken...

WS6 Oko 49

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jan 25 to Sunday, Jan 31, 2010: high 43, low 5
Thursday the 28th, Dan and I finished tiling the bedroom floor. He cut the final pieces and then mixed the mortar and we stuck the tiles down. Laying out the pattern was somewhat complicated because the...

WS6 Oko 48

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Saglogan
Monday, Jan 18 to Sunday, Jan 24, 2010: high 51, low 14
A streak of blazing orange and yellow as the sun sets across the springs on this Friday. It was cloudy all day. But as is often the case even on cloudy days, the sun made a late and brief appearance.

WS6 Oko 47

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakowin
Monday, Jan 11 to Sunday, Jan 17, 2010: high 54, low 24
A number of deer were down by the springs this morning, taking shelter from the wind on the leeward side of the steep-sided hill on the left side of the photo above. Coincidentally, that side also faces...

WS6 Oko 46

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Sakpe
Monday, Jan 4 to Sunday, Jan 10, 2010: high 46, low -16
Today, Wednesday the 6th, was remarkable in that a rainbow encircled the sun all day long. Since this photo was taken late afternoon, the full circle is not visible–its bottom quarter was below the horizon...

WS6 Oko 45 2010

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Zaptan
Monday, Dec 28, 2009 to Sunday, Jan 3, 2010: high 37, low -1
Another photo from the archives. This one from three years ago this week, December 28th, 2006. The bathhouse was not stuccoed, only half of the roof was sheathed and shingled, and the connecting roof...

WS6 Oko 44

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Topa
Monday, Dec 21 to Sunday, Dec 27, 2009: high 38, low -5
A parabolic snow drift on the south [downwind] side of the bathhouse, Sunday the 27th, mid afternoon. High winds during and following the Christmas Day blizzard created deep and long drifts on the leeward side...

WS6 Oko 43

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Yamni
Monday, Dec 14 to Sunday, Dec 20, 2009: high 5Am 0, low -5
Four years ago, December 20th, 2005, this picture was taken from the floor of the house looking straight up through the framing of the cockpit roof. You can see the trapezoidal shape of the “compression...

WS6 Oko 42

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Nunpa
Monday, Dec 7 to Sunday, Dec 13, 2009: high 46, low -7
Sunday morning, after strapping on my snowshoes, walked up the draw and took pictures of the house. Last night it snowed and this morning it was bitter cold. The snow crunched underfoot, and everything was...

WS6 Oko 41

Oko Wikcemna Topa ake Wanji
Monday, Nov 30 to Sunday, Dec 6, 2009: high 60, low 0
Another week with photos from the archives. The picture above was taken December 6th, 2005 from the ridge east of the house. If you look closely, you can see that the house is not sided, and that the roof is...

WS6 Oko 40

Oko Wikcemna Topa
Monday, Nov 23 to Sunday, Nov 29, 2009: high 72, low 21
Sunday sunset reflecting in the bay window at the end of a pleasant late fall day. On Friday, Mom washed all the windows inside and out with a 50-50 mixture of water and vinegar. They are spotless. She said it always...

WS6 Oko 39

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Nov 16 to Sunday, Nov 22, 2009: high 67, low 22
Hauled dirt on Wednesday with this homemade dump trailer that Harvey Lee lent me. It worked great. The project was to backfill around the foundation wall to give it some insulation, but more importantly,...

WS6 Oko 38

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Saglogan
Monday, Nov 9 to Sunday, Nov 15, 2009: high 73, low 16
Foggy Saturday morning with a mixture of hoary frost and a skiff of overnight snow blanketing the landscape and rooftops. Nearly obscured by the fog, looking past the corner of the cabin you can see that...

WS6 Oko 37

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakowin
Monday, Nov 2 to Sunday, Nov 8, 2009: high 78, low 25
Here’s a picture from the archives. This was taken November 2, 2005. As you can see, there are no doors or windows in the house, the cockpit roof has not been built, and a couple guys are shingling the roof....

WS6 Oko 36

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Sakpe
Monday, Oct 26 to Sunday, Nov 1, 2009: high 63, low 25
Thursday morning awoke to snow again. Merle’s heifers were moving northward down the draw, foraging for grass and seeking shelter from the wind. The group a little left of center in the picture is crowded...

WS6 Oko 35

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Zaptan
Monday, Oct 19 to Sunday, Oct 25, 2009: high 60, low 30
Monday afternoon a skid steer loader was delivered. It represents the first piece of construction equipment for Wingsprings. With it, I can dig and move dirt, lift things and scoop snow. It has a cab with...

WS6 Oko 34

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Topa
Monday, Oct 12 to Sunday, Oct 18, 2009: high 77, low 26
Late afternoon picture looking east toward the wicoti with the four sets of tipi poles standing. Today was more like a March day: the morning and early afternoon was just above freezing and damp with drizzling...

WS6 Oko 33

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Yamni
Monday, Oct 5 to Sunday, Oct 11, 2009: high 59, low 16
Awoke early Thursday morning and found Wingsprings blanketed by a skiff of snow. The first snowfall of the season. And the low temperature dipped into the teens for a few nights. Brrrrr. Over the past week...

WS6 Oko 32

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Nunpa
Monday, Sep 28 to Sunday, Oct 4, 2009: high 77, low 33
By noon on Wednesday Dan and I had three of the five bathhouse doors switched out. The new pre-hung doors are fiberglass with simulated wood grain. They have a good-sized operable window that admits a lot...

WS6 Oko 31

Oko Wikcemna Yamni ake Wanji
Monday, Sep 21 to Sunday, Sep 27, 2009: high 88, low 40
Tuesday was the autumnal equinox. An equinox, of course, occurs twice a year when the amount of daylight equals the amount of darkness. Due to a number of factors [such as how to determine when the sun actually...

WS6 Oko 30

Oko Wikcemna Yamni
Monday, Sep 14 to Sunday, Sep 20, 2009: high 90, low 50
Cousin Merle and Adrienne rode up on their horses yesterday, Saturday afternoon, after turning heifers into the pasture. The horses were somewhat reluctant to move into position for the photo, and even when they did,...

WS6 Oko 29

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Sep 7 to Sunday, Sep 13, 2009: high 87, low 52
Early fall colors include yellow, white, and purple flowers, and lots of shades of green.

WS6 Oko 28

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Saglogan
Monday, Aug 31 to Sunday, Sep 6, 2009: high 96, low 51
Went plum picking this warm and windy afternoon with a simple set of tools: a shovel and a pail. The shovel is to ward off rattlesnakes or even a bull snake. The pail is to transport the plums from the...

WS6 Oko 27

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakowin
Monday, Aug 24 to Sunday, Aug 30, 2009: high 88, low 49
Wingsprings sunset day:sun, butte, house in alignmentfall’s shadow on door
The sun set this week on the Wingsprings west-east axis. It was too close to decide whether the Wingsprings sunset day was...

WS6 Oko 26

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Sakpe
Monday, Aug 17 to Sunday, Aug 23, 2009: high 90, low 50
After 83 days of sheltering people from driving rain storms, howling winds, and searing heat, Isador and i took down the tipis and wall tents of the wicoti.

The bottom edges of the wall tents were...

WS6 Oko 25

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Zaptan
Monday, Aug 10 to Sunday, Aug 16, 2009: high 99, low 49
Late Saturday afternoon, after another beautiful summer day, rain showers from the west rolled through Wingsprings.


And then in the east, a double rainbow.

WS6 Oko 24

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Topa
Monday, Aug 3 to Sunday, Aug 9, 2009: high 96, low 49
Awoke Wednesday to a fog that was already burning off in the early morning sunlight. Scrambled downstairs and outside. Fog has a way, it seems, of deadening sound, of soaking it up. The air was damp and cool;...

WS6 Oko 23

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Yamni
Monday, Jul 27 to Sunday, Aug 2, 2009: high 98, low 37
On Friday evening, Kent & Sandie and Mom arrived to work on the cabins. Saturday afternoon Kent was fastening up the fourth rough sawn cedar panel. The panels were cut and fitted without concern for the window...

WS6 Oko 22

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Nunpa
Monday, Jul 20 to Sunday, Jul 26, 2009: high 96, low 40
The cabin roofs were shingled this week. The overhang is exposed cedar T & G with exposed rafter tails. We used J-channel for a drip edge; it was screwed on because even the shortest roofing nails would have...

WS6 Oko 21

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa ake Wanji
Monday, Jul 13 to Sunday, Jul 19, 2009: high 96, low 45
No picture this week. So looked back at pictures taken this week in previous years. The one above is from 2005. It is taken from northwest of the house. It appears that the exterior walls are all framed and...

WS6 Oko 20

Oko Wikcemna Nunpa
Monday, Jul 6 to Sunday, Jul 12, 2009: high 93, low 54
Wednesday there was a remarkable storm cloud to the north at sunset. The following pictures of that cloud were taken from 7:45 to 8:17 PM.

WS6 Oko 19

Oko Ake Napcinyunka
Monday, Jun 29 to Sunday, Jul 5, 2009: high 91, low 49
Ian, Melissa, Marie, Katie and Bethany east of the wicoti on the first morning of the Historical Approach to Teaching Lakota Culture workshop. It was the fourth and final of the summer workshops sponsored by the South...

WS6 Oko 18

Oko Ake Saglogan
Monday, Jun 22 to Sunday, Jun 28, 2009: high97 , low 43
The 133rd anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn fell during the third of the four summer workshops on Approaches to Teaching Lakota Culture, sponsored in part by the South Dakota Humanities Council and the...

WS6 Oko 17

Oko Ake Sakowin
Monday, Jun 15 to Sunday, Jun 21, 2009: high 85, low 48
Betsy, Sam, Ann, Janet, and Brian hard at work on the Monday evening assessment of their collective knowledge regarding Oceti Sakowin nations and South Dakota reservations. They were participants in the second of CAIRNS’...

WS6 Oko 16

Oko Ake Sakpe
Monday, Jun 8 to Sunday, Jun 14, 2009: high 78, low 40
Discovered this sad scene Monday afternoon: seven baby rabbits dead. Three apparently were drug from their “nest,” their eyes still closed. The other four were huddled together in the underground nest. One of them was partially...

WS6 Oko 15

Oko Ake Zaptan
Monday, Jun 1 to Sunday, Jun 7, 2009: high , low 
This week Wingsprings hosted the first of four 5-day summer workshops organized by the Center for American Indian Research and Native Studies [CAIRNS] and sponsored in part by the South Dakota Humanities Council. This one was...

WS6 Oko 14

Oko Ake Topa
Monday, May 25 to Sunday, May 31, 2009: high 89, low 30
Brother Kent and friend Tom came from Southern California and spent nearly two weeks working on first three of six cabins that will fit up under the roof that links the house to the bathhouse. They arrived on the 21st and...

WS6 Oko 13

Oko Ake Yamni
Monday, May 18 to Sunday, May 24, 2009: high 97, low 39
A double rainbow Wednesday evening. Walking up the draw to the east, spotted an owl perched on the ribs of the old sweat lodge. It flew away as I approached and landed beside a hole in the ground. I wonder if that is its...

WS6 Oko 12

Oko Ake Nunpa
Monday, May 11 to Sunday, May 17, 2009: high 81, low 23
Tuesday early afternoon spotted the first lady bug of the year. Then on Saturday, just north of the house, there were two antelope who took flight immediately upon spotting me.


The rabbits, on the other...

WS6 Oko 11

Oko Ake Wanji
Monday, May 4 to Sunday, May 10, 2009: high 90, low 34
It is greening up fast. All the snow and then the rain has the soil damp and the grass growing almost fast enough to watch. Sometimes, they say, you can hear corn growing because it is so fast. You certainly cannot hear...

WS6 Oko 10

Oko Wikcemna
Monday, Apr 27 to Sunday, May 3, 2009: high 81, low 31
This last little patch of dirty frozen snow finally melted away this week. It originally fell on November 5, 2008 during a huge snow storm that knocked electricity out for up to two weeks and longer in surrounding areas....

WS6 Oko 9

Oko Napcinyunka
Monday, Apr 20 to Sunday, Apr 26, 2009: high 90, low 32
Early morning Saturday the 4” of overnight snow was quickly melting. This rabbit was nosing down to nibble on the fresh green grass that was encouraged to grow by the 90 degree temperature on Thursday afternoon.

WS6 Oko 8

Oko Saglogan
Monday, Apr 13 to Sunday, Apr 19, 2009: high 76, low 31
Here is the home of a spider. We discovered the apparently abandoned lodge in the scrap wood pile. The structure was actually suspended from the board upside down. In this photo, the board has been turned over and the result...

WS6 Oko 7

Oko Sakowin
Monday, Apr 6 to Sunday, Apr 12, 2009: high 56, low 13
This week witnessed the first of this year’s Wingsprings Sunset Days. These are the two days of the year when the sun sets directly on the Butte. The photo above was taken on April 10th. On that day, the sun set just to the...

WS6 Oko 6

Oko Sakpe
Monday, Mar 30 to Sunday, Apr 5, 2009: high 59, low 12
A spring blizzard blew in late Friday night. High winds, very low visibility, and snow all of Saturday and most of Sunday. Dangerous conditions. The wind continuously blew the snow into new configurations and quickly buried...

WS6 Oko 5

Oko Zaptan
Monday, Mar 23 to Sunday, Mar 29, 2009: high 62, low 8
This weekend Kent & Sandie and Sarah, and Dicksy & Harvey, and Mom worked at Wingsprings. Our outdoor task was to joist the two cabins above. Eventually there will be six adjoining cabins that will fit partially under the roof...

WS6 Oko 4

Oko Topa
Monday, Mar 16 to Sunday, Mar 22, 2009: high 80, low 31
Early Friday morning of this week was the Vernal Equinox. The beginning of spring. Perhaps presaging the opening of the new season, on Monday morning, March 16th, Kenny Rosane reshaped and graveled the approach from 226th Avenue....

WS6 Oko 3

Oko Yamni
Monday, Mar 9 to Sunday, Mar 16, 2020: high 69, low -8
Sunday late afternoon, March 15th. A beautiful day. The ice is quickly retreating from the surfaces of the spring-fed pools. The photo above is looking northwest. A few of the pools are in the middle ground. They flow northwesterly...

WS6 Oko 2

Oko Nunpa
Monday, Mar 2 to Sunday, Mar 8, 2009: high 73, low 21
Wednesday morning, March 4. How many deer can you spot in these first two photos? There were a lot of them strung out along the springs this morning.


Later, as i sat inside working, something caught my eye outside...

WS6 Oko 1 2009

Oko Wanci
Monday, Feb 23 to Sunday, Mar 1, 2009: high 67, low -3
This week was the beginning of the Wingsprings year. It is marked by an alignment of three elements: a geographical landmark, the point around which the Wingsprings facilities are designed, and the sunrise location. The axis...